July 30, 2011

What is rehabilitation and how it can help your animal

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:29 pm

physiotherapyRehabilitation is the restoration to the normality, or to the closest possible of her, in way and of function altered by some lesion type. That rehabilitation is made through techniques used as the acupuncture, physiotherapy and chiropractic (art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxation of the articulations of the body).   

The rehabilitation includes the patients’ evaluation with functional limitations, incapacity and/or locomotion difficulties, pain, posture alterations, etc. After that evaluation accomplished by the specialist of the area, the treatment protocol is drawn.   

The animal rehabilitation is used since the decade of 80 in the United States and in Europe and it is usually used as main treatment before the conventional medicines and of the surgery. The animal is only directed for surgery if he doesn’t answer to the rehabilitation, and when submitted to the surgical procedure his recovery is faster, because the rehabilitation improved his physical condition.

The Acupuncture is a technique of stimulation of defined areas in the skin, for needles and/or for transfer of heat for therapeutic ends. It fills out a gap between the medicine and the surgery.  

It is known that the acupuncture affects all of the physiologic systems (normal function of the body), acting from way to take the organism to find his energy balance, doing with that the energy blockades (pain points) they are undone and the energy flows correctly for the body. It is gotten to restore the normal activities of the organs, visceras, members, since, there be not irreversible structural alterations (for instance, paralysis of members for rupture of the marrow espinal).   

It treats problems as paralyses, pain, locomotion difficulties, posture alteration, disk disease or bone alterations, skin problems, behavior problems, etc.    

The Physiotherapy is the treatment of a disease through exercises and apparels. It evaluates, prevents and  treats the movement disturbances. It acts in the most different areas with procedures, techniques, methodologies and specific approaches with the objective of treating, to minimize and to prevent the most varied dysfunctions.     

Many resources exist, as, for instance: the therapeutic ultrassom, laser, stimulation neuromuscular, pulse magnetic field, etc.   

Many problems can be treated as: articulate problems, muscle problems, bone problems, pain, locomotion difficulty, paralyses, muscle atrophies, arthrosis, etc.     

Chiropractic is the art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxations of the articulations of the body. An exam of palpation of the articulations is accomplished and the articulations that come untidy they are adjusted.  She stimulates the force of the recuperation of the body to cure without the use of medicines or surgery.   

A sub-luxation doesn’t allow the nervous information to flow correctly, therefore when adjusting the body of the animal we are helping the nervous system so that he can recover his functionality, improving the movement of the articulations of the spine and of the extremities of the animal. This improvement of the movement results in muscles, tendons and ligaments more resistant, strong and developed.  

A disadjusted vertebra can cause pain, posture alteration and in the walk, paralyses, aggressiveness, low performance in animals athletes, lameness, etc.   

As it is a specialized treatment, only the specialist of the area can specify the number of sections, treatment type and duration of the treatment.    

The animal seemingly can be recovered, but if it is not totally rehabilitated can happen a relapse or to appear other problems.     

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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June 14, 2010

How to take care of dogs and cats in the winter

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:57 am

dog with clothesThe winter nor it arrived, but the temperatures already begin to fall. In that time of the year, as well as the humans, the animals also suffer with the cold, and for them to be well, some cares are necessary. 
With the low temperatures, no animal should sleep to the dew and most should be well sheltered. It is not advised to cut the hair. 
In the cold, the animals are prone have breathing diseases and, for that, to avoid to leave with them of house in the coldest days. To provide bed, blanket and clothes for him to sleep. 
For the baths to seek of the days with sun and hotter and the hair should be very dry, because the humidity can provoke several diseases. 
The vaccine is another important point, they should be given inside of the right period, because with the low temperatures and in some places the time dries the spread of diseases increases. 
If the animal has problems bone, muscular and/or articulate, the physiotherapy and the acupuncture will help him to face the cold without pains. Some pets that have column problem arrive to lose the movements of the members. Then to prevent is the best medicine.  
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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April 26, 2010

Cervical disk disease

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Cervical disk disease commonly affects small, middle-age to older chondrodystrophic breeds and is usually classified as a type I extrusion. Beagles, Dachshunds, Pekingese, and Poodles tend to be overrepresented. The C2-C3 disk space is most commonly affected, with the frequency decreasing at progressively more caudal disk spaces.

Cervical disk disease in large-breed dogs is usually associated with type II protrusion of the caudal disks and is often secondary to cervical spondylomyelopathy. Breeds commonly affected are Doberman and Great Danes.

Neck pain is the most common and often the only sign of cervical disk disease. This is manifested as low head carriage, stiffness or decreased motion of the neck, vocalizing, and spasms of the neck muscles. Some dogs exhibit lameness of one or both thoracic limbs, due to nerve root or spinal nerve compression.

In severe cases, there may be ataxia, conscious proprioceptive deficits, weakness, or rarely, paralysis of all limbs.

Other causes of neck pain include trauma, neoplasia, meningitis, discospondylitis, cervical spondylomyelopathy, and atlantoaxial instability.

Diagnosis is based on the clinical features, neurological examination, spinal radiography, myelography, and advanced imaging techniques, including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis is helpful in identifying or ruling out meningitis.

Treatment options include surgery and nonsurgical therapy (antiinflammatory drugs, physiotherapy and acupuncture), with the decision based on the duration and severity of clinical signs.

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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March 29, 2010

Trauma in the column in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The traumatic lesions of the spinal cord can result of traumatism, car accidents, falls or other lesions. Hemorrhage, fractures, dislocations, subluxations and bruises are sequels of those lesions; some request surgical and other intervention, conservative treatment, for instance, medicamentous therapy, external splints, physiotherapy and acupuncture. 
Lesions sufficiently serious of the spinal cord to cause weakness, they can get better with acupuncture, since the deep answer or conscious of pain flow to the lesion stays complete. 
When it is made a comparison with the cases of disturbances associated to the pain, many extra treatments are necessary before obtaining an answer. 
To the similarity of what happens with the lesion of outlying nerve, unless the deficits are static cronicamente, it can be difficult to decide the improvement degree that the acupuncture will provide to the neurological function. 
Vet Therapy

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March 19, 2010

Stifle luxation

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

It is the displacement medial or lateral of the stifle of his normal anatomical position. 
It can be moderate to serious and it presents different degrees of clinical and pathological alterations, classified in degrees I-IV. 
It is one of the most common abnormalities of the articulation of the knee in dogs. It is uncommon in cats, but it can be more common than is suspected because most of the affected cats doesn’t limp. 
The clinical signs can grow soon after the birth, it usually happens after the 4 months of age. The females are 1,5 times more attacked than the males. 
The causes are congenital and/or traumatic. 
In the serious cases (degrees II, III, IV) the surgery is indicated. And in all of the cases the acupuncture and the physiotherapy help in the recovery of the animal. 
Vet Therapy

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March 18, 2010

Spine problems in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The disease of thoracolumbar disk and cervical it is observed commonly in practice clinic of small animals. 
The most affected races are Dachshund, Pekinese, jack russel terrier, cocker spaniel, beagle, poodle miniature, French bulldog. There is no predilection for sex and the medium age is from 5 to 6 years. 
The clinical signs of disease of the disk toracolombar are: Degree I (pain in the back area), Degree II (pain, paresis and ataxia of subsequent member), Degree III (paralysis flow and they are unable to get up and to tolerate the weight with the subsequent members, some animals don’t have control of the bladder and of the defecation), Degree IV (paralysis without perception conscious of pain in the fingers of the subsequent members). 
The treatment can be accomplished with acupuncture and physiotherapy for diminish of the pain, muscular invigoration, muscular rigidity, incentive of the nervous fibers… Some cases can need surgery. 
Vet Therapy

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March 9, 2010

Hip dysplasia in cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The radiographic characteristics of the hip dysplasia are frequently observed in cats, but they usually constitute accidental discoveries, no associated with claudicação of subsequent member. The disease can produce secondary osteoarthritis. The radiographic characteristics are similar to the one of the dogs; for instance, enlargement of the space to articulate lateral and medial, subluxation of the femoral head, acetabulum shallow and osteocytes development. 

Sometimes, the clinical signs can be serious, including gait with stooping back leg, screams with pain, incapacity of going up stairways, reluctance in defecating, pain and crackling in the articulations coxofemorals. 

The treatment has been including resection of the pectinal muscle and resection of the femoral head. Light cases can answer to animal rest and anti-inflammatories. Alternative treatments as the acupuncture and the physiotherapy also offer good results. 

Vet Therapy

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February 21, 2010

How to take care of the lesions of the Olympic Games of Vancouver 2010

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:01 am

We have been accompanying the competitions of the Winter Olympics of Vancouver and we can see the amount of falls that the athletes suffer during the competitions. 

And the question: How to recover to continue in the dispute of the gold? 

The physiotherapy and the alternative therapies, as the acupuncture gives the answer. 

The physiotherapy offers countless treatments that reduce the inflammatory effect and the pain, doing with that the tissues recover more quickly. The ice, Ultrassound, the TENS, the NMES, the Laser… they do with that the tissue has an accelerated regeneration and they impede that the effects of the inflammation, as toxins, accumulate in the tissues, leaving them swollen, aching and with hamatoma. 

The acupuncture works in the balance of the energies of the body, also tends an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. With the body in balance and without pain he becomes stronger and resistant, which consequently, it increases the sporting acting. 

Those techniques can be used also as preventive treatment, doing with that the physical wear and tear is smaller, mainly for the athletes that participate in several modalities. 

Cynara Campanati

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February 3, 2010

When it uses the heat in the physiotherapy

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , — Cynara @ 9:10 am

Heat is used in rehabilitation for its hemodynamic, neuromuscular, metabolic and connective-tissue.

Heat is most appropriatelly applied after the acute inflammatory phase of tissue healing has resolved. Premature application of heat may exacerbate swelling, pain, heat and functional loss.

The neuromuscular effects of heat, in contrast to those of cold, include increased nerve conduction velocity and decreased latency time for both sensory and motor nerves.

Vet Therapy

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January 27, 2010

Physiotherapy techniques

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 10:17 am

Cryotherapy reduces inflammation, swelling and pain.

Superficial or deep heating improves circulation, reduces muscle spasm, provides pain relief.

Massage increases circulation to paralyzed musculature, reduces/breaks down adhesions, provides pain relief, reduces edema.

Vet Therapy

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