July 30, 2011

What is rehabilitation and how it can help your animal

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:29 pm

physiotherapyRehabilitation is the restoration to the normality, or to the closest possible of her, in way and of function altered by some lesion type. That rehabilitation is made through techniques used as the acupuncture, physiotherapy and chiropractic (art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxation of the articulations of the body).   

The rehabilitation includes the patients’ evaluation with functional limitations, incapacity and/or locomotion difficulties, pain, posture alterations, etc. After that evaluation accomplished by the specialist of the area, the treatment protocol is drawn.   

The animal rehabilitation is used since the decade of 80 in the United States and in Europe and it is usually used as main treatment before the conventional medicines and of the surgery. The animal is only directed for surgery if he doesn’t answer to the rehabilitation, and when submitted to the surgical procedure his recovery is faster, because the rehabilitation improved his physical condition.

The Acupuncture is a technique of stimulation of defined areas in the skin, for needles and/or for transfer of heat for therapeutic ends. It fills out a gap between the medicine and the surgery.  

It is known that the acupuncture affects all of the physiologic systems (normal function of the body), acting from way to take the organism to find his energy balance, doing with that the energy blockades (pain points) they are undone and the energy flows correctly for the body. It is gotten to restore the normal activities of the organs, visceras, members, since, there be not irreversible structural alterations (for instance, paralysis of members for rupture of the marrow espinal).   

It treats problems as paralyses, pain, locomotion difficulties, posture alteration, disk disease or bone alterations, skin problems, behavior problems, etc.    

The Physiotherapy is the treatment of a disease through exercises and apparels. It evaluates, prevents and  treats the movement disturbances. It acts in the most different areas with procedures, techniques, methodologies and specific approaches with the objective of treating, to minimize and to prevent the most varied dysfunctions.     

Many resources exist, as, for instance: the therapeutic ultrassom, laser, stimulation neuromuscular, pulse magnetic field, etc.   

Many problems can be treated as: articulate problems, muscle problems, bone problems, pain, locomotion difficulty, paralyses, muscle atrophies, arthrosis, etc.     

Chiropractic is the art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxations of the articulations of the body. An exam of palpation of the articulations is accomplished and the articulations that come untidy they are adjusted.  She stimulates the force of the recuperation of the body to cure without the use of medicines or surgery.   

A sub-luxation doesn’t allow the nervous information to flow correctly, therefore when adjusting the body of the animal we are helping the nervous system so that he can recover his functionality, improving the movement of the articulations of the spine and of the extremities of the animal. This improvement of the movement results in muscles, tendons and ligaments more resistant, strong and developed.  

A disadjusted vertebra can cause pain, posture alteration and in the walk, paralyses, aggressiveness, low performance in animals athletes, lameness, etc.   

As it is a specialized treatment, only the specialist of the area can specify the number of sections, treatment type and duration of the treatment.    

The animal seemingly can be recovered, but if it is not totally rehabilitated can happen a relapse or to appear other problems.     

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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August 23, 2010

Chromotherapy for animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:34 am

chromotherapy_animalsThe chromotherapy is the practice of the use of the colors in the cure of the diseases. It has been used by the man from the old civilizations, like old Egypt, India, Greece and China with the objective of harmonizing the body, acting from the physical level to the subtlest. 
The followers of the chromotherapy understand that each color possesses a specific vibration and a therapeutic capacity, it produces chemical changes in a subtle way interfering in the metabolism wants in level physical or emotional. 
The chromotherapy brings benefits to the bearers of any dysfunction, beginning by relieving the pains and finally for the patients’ recovery in most of the diseases. 
The main chromatic spectrum was classified in the following way: hot (red, orange, yellow and their tones), cold (blue, indigo, violet and their tones) and bivalent (green and their tones). 
Problems can be treated as: apathy, depression, anxiety, nervousness, dermatitises, pain, inflammation, infection, fractures, muscular problems… 
Vet Therapy – Dra. Cynara Campanati

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August 10, 2010

Pain treatment in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 2:02 pm

Does your animal suffer with pain in the backs, did it suffer a dislocation, does it fracture or does accident, have muscular pain…? 
A lot of times the animal presents lameness in some member, muscular pains, etc, but actually it can just be a reflex of some problem in the column. 

The magnetotherapy is an applied therapy for the alternative medicine based in the influence of the static magnetic fields on the body, being capable to treat several diseases indeed. 
The Earth, as an immense magnetic block, floating in the space captures and it emanates magnetic waves that influence the alive beings. The magnetism of the Earth is essential because it helps to conserve in an effective way the health. 
The lack of magnetic fields carts: rigidity in the shoulders, backs and nape; pain and weight in the head; insomnia; fatigue and weakness; nervousness, etc. 
The application of the magnetotherapy favors the cellular polarization; accelerates the repairing of tissues and the growth; regulates the nervous system; it is anti-inflammatory, used for pain treatment, repairing of fractures and treatments of wounds, etc.  
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati 

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May 21, 2010

Are your animal lick in excess?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:01 am

catTo lick is a normal behavior of taking care of the coat in dogs and cats and a lot of times is used as behavior peacemaker in dogs. 
But when does that to “lick” become excessive? 
Licking excessively can be driven the own animal, in general resulting in skin lesions or loss of hair, or it can be addressed people and the other animals. 
The excessive lick can be a behavior of search of attention, a compulsive upset or related to itch. 
It can be due to disease dermatologic, pain, irritation, anxiety or compulsive upset. 
The action of licking can consume great part of the available time of the animal. It can be driven to objects in the atmosphere, to him same or the other animals or humans. 
In first place it is necessary to discover the cause, a clinical exam is done necessary for the diagnosis and then the treatment protocol. To obtain success in the treatment, the cause of the problem should be eliminated, be dermatologic problems, pain, behavior…  
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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May 19, 2010

Pain management in the geriatric dog

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Because aging dogs have a relatively fragile physiologic balance, pain management of geriatric dogs should rely as much as possible on therapeutic options with minimal physiologic impact.

Antiinflammatory drugs should therefore be used with caution in geriatric dogs.

The pain management options with minimal physiologic risks include, but are not limited to, low-impact, low-intensity exercises, massage, heat, and slow-acting disease modifying osteoarthritic agents. In patients with severe pain, such as may be present with neoplasia, opioid drugs may be prescribed, or transcutaneous fentanyl patches may be applied for sustained delivery of medication.

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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April 26, 2010

Cervical disk disease

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Cervical disk disease commonly affects small, middle-age to older chondrodystrophic breeds and is usually classified as a type I extrusion. Beagles, Dachshunds, Pekingese, and Poodles tend to be overrepresented. The C2-C3 disk space is most commonly affected, with the frequency decreasing at progressively more caudal disk spaces.

Cervical disk disease in large-breed dogs is usually associated with type II protrusion of the caudal disks and is often secondary to cervical spondylomyelopathy. Breeds commonly affected are Doberman and Great Danes.

Neck pain is the most common and often the only sign of cervical disk disease. This is manifested as low head carriage, stiffness or decreased motion of the neck, vocalizing, and spasms of the neck muscles. Some dogs exhibit lameness of one or both thoracic limbs, due to nerve root or spinal nerve compression.

In severe cases, there may be ataxia, conscious proprioceptive deficits, weakness, or rarely, paralysis of all limbs.

Other causes of neck pain include trauma, neoplasia, meningitis, discospondylitis, cervical spondylomyelopathy, and atlantoaxial instability.

Diagnosis is based on the clinical features, neurological examination, spinal radiography, myelography, and advanced imaging techniques, including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis is helpful in identifying or ruling out meningitis.

Treatment options include surgery and nonsurgical therapy (antiinflammatory drugs, physiotherapy and acupuncture), with the decision based on the duration and severity of clinical signs.

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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March 31, 2010

Pain and therapy with acupuncture

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The placement of needles in specific acupuncture points can relieve the pain through different mechanisms. First, the acupuncture can reduce muscle spasms hen applied in trigger-points. The lack of spasms increases the comfort considerably.  
The acupuncture can also induce the liberation of a variety neurotransmitters that can affect the processing of the painful pulse. That effect can be intensified being used specific types of electric stimulation. The appropriate placement of the needles and the electric stimulation of low frequency (2 to 6 Hz) they induce the central liberation of endorfinas that can induce the analgesia by the inhibition of the transmission of pulses noxious of his origin for the brain and of the increase of the descending inhibition of turn to the periphery. That stimulation type usually produces analgesia in 10 to 20 minutes and it is considered cumulative, meaning that the subsequent treatments produce analgesia well and better. 
The electric stimulation of high frequency (100 to 200 Hz) it induces the  adrenaline and noradrenaline liberation, also promoting cumulative analgesia. 
Vet Therapy 

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March 30, 2010

Trigger points´ treatment

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

In the veterinary, the trigger points, were described mainly in horses and dogs. It seems that the incidence is larger in senior animals and youths used for sport. 
The clinical signs are: 
1 - Chronicle lameness treated without success with anti-inflammatories. 
2 – Great nodules or knots in the musculature to the palpation, usually aching. 
3 – Palpation unchaining pain, muscular contraction, retraction of the member and, possibly, patterns of aggressive behavior. 
When located in the surface of the body, the trigger point can be felt easily as nodular structures hardened inside of the muscle and they are excessively irritable to the palpation. 
The stimulation of the trigger point abolishes it. If many of those points exist, all should be treated and abolished. The stimulation can be through deep massage, electric stimulation, laser, ultrassound and insert of dry needles or with medicine. 
Vet Therapy

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March 18, 2010

Spine problems in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The disease of thoracolumbar disk and cervical it is observed commonly in practice clinic of small animals. 
The most affected races are Dachshund, Pekinese, jack russel terrier, cocker spaniel, beagle, poodle miniature, French bulldog. There is no predilection for sex and the medium age is from 5 to 6 years. 
The clinical signs of disease of the disk toracolombar are: Degree I (pain in the back area), Degree II (pain, paresis and ataxia of subsequent member), Degree III (paralysis flow and they are unable to get up and to tolerate the weight with the subsequent members, some animals don’t have control of the bladder and of the defecation), Degree IV (paralysis without perception conscious of pain in the fingers of the subsequent members). 
The treatment can be accomplished with acupuncture and physiotherapy for diminish of the pain, muscular invigoration, muscular rigidity, incentive of the nervous fibers… Some cases can need surgery. 
Vet Therapy

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March 15, 2010

Pet´s vocalization

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The vocalization for pet only turns a problem for the proprietors when it is excessive or they don’t get to control his appearance or his duration. The animals vocalize for several reasons as, pain, territorial demonstrations, attention, anxiety, social facilitation and aggressive encounters. 
It is a normal pattern of communication between dogs and cats. When in excess it can be a component of certain processes of disease involving pain or disorientation. 
In general the proprietor complains that the animal vocalizes in inadequate moments or incovenientes. That can happen when the proprietors are sleeping, resting, involved in other activities, soon before a walk or car walk, when it arrives home or it is about to leave, in the windows, doors, fences, people, animals and cars. To bark when visits arrive can be a lot of disturber, besides impeding the conversation. 
To reduce the vocalization it is necessary to remove the incentives for the vocalization, to extinguish the vocalization in periods inadequate condition a new reaction, to teach the “Quiet” command, to increase the proprietor’s control and to provide service to the social needs, of games, exploratory and metabolic. 
After a clinical exam that is proven that the animal is not sick or with pain, then it is necessary to educate him. Every time that he begins to bark it is necessary to do with he understands that behavior is wrong. It is necessary to correct him, giving a scolding, putting of punishment for some minutes in other room, with a touch in the leash… 
Vet Therapy

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