October 29, 2011

What do your dog really need?

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 2:24 pm

dogDo you know the real needs of your animal? Most of the people knows, but it is always good to remember. 
To be healthy and happy, your dog need: 
1 – of balanced diet (fresh water and appropriate food, remains of food won’t be enough to assist him daily needs); 
2 – of basic cares (the hygiene is very important to avoid infestation for parasites); 
3 – of exercises (to avoid futures problems of health); 
4 – of bed with clean blanket (protection against high and low temperatures); 
5 – of cares with the hair; 
6 – to be training; 
7 – of cares when you leave of vacations; 
8 – of company (dogs are sociable and they will be unhappy if left alone for a long time); 
9 – if it is necessary to tie the animal, use a long thread of running, fixed currents or strings can be rolled up in the dog and to cause wounds; 
10 – vaccines and vermifuge; 
11 – castration of the animal (all of the years, hundreds of thousands of dogs are sacrificed by there not being appropriate homes in enough number); 
12 – veterinary attendance. 
Source: WSPA 
Vet Therapy – Dra. Cynara Campanati  

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September 30, 2011

6 tips for a fast and easy bath

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 11:29 am

dogMany proprietors of dogs like to take care of their animals and inside of the basic cares there are the bath and the care with the hair. 
Here they follow 6 tips for a bath fast, easy and without unexpected: 
If the animal has a short hair: 
1 – in the cold days, the dried bath is an option. Read the instructions of use of the product that you will use before beginning the procedure. Those products are applied in the animal with the help of a cloth, the animal should be dry using the towel or the hair dryer. That kind of bath helps to reduce the odors of the animal, but it doesn’t substitute the bath with water. 
2 – don´t forget to clean the internal part of the ears, use a cotton ball with products of cleaning of ear for animals. 
3 – before wetting the animal you put cotton in the ear to avoid the entrance of water and a possible otitis.   Use lukewarm water. Have the hand the products that you will use (always specific products for animals). Wet the hair of the animal, apply the shampoo and massage it for the to spread the product. Remove the shampoo with water, don’t leave residues. Dry the animal with a towel to remove the excess of water, later use a hair dryer in the lukewarm temperature, maintain the dryer at a distance of 20 cm of the animal to avoid burns. The hair should be dry. 
4 - use a soft brush to brush him every 3 days and to remove the dead hair. 
If the animal long hair: 
5 – before wetting the animal you put cotton in the ear to avoid the entrance of water and a possible otitis.   Use lukewarm water. Have the hand the products that it will use (always specific products for animals). Wet the hair of the animal, apply the shampoo and massage the hair to spread the product. Remove the shampoo with water, don’t leave residues. If it uses some type of conditioning cream or to disentangle.  Remove the cream with water. Dry the animal with a towel to remove the excess of water, use a hair dryer in the lukewarm temperature, maintain the dryer at a distance of 20 cm of the animal to avoid burns. The hair should be dry. 
6 – to disentangle the hair and to undo the knots you use a brush of pins without balls in the point, comb of steel and flowed to disentangle. Divide the hair and brush it. If the brush stop in the middle of the road, open the hair with the hand and try to undo the knot with the fingers. Then pass the metal comb, without pulling. Divide the hair in several parts. 
Never use products with medicine without before to consult a veterinary. 
Vet Therapy 

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June 4, 2011

Canine obesity

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 2:01 pm

obesity dogThe obesity is the more common nutritional disease in developed societies and it is considered that 25 to 35% of the dogs are with overweight.  
It is responsible for the decrease of the physical capacity of the animal, for associated diseases and, frequently, for painful locomotion. It is resulted of the excess of energy, obtained by the feeding, in relation to the energy expense of the animal. That unbalance can have origin in the own animal, behaviors problems, but also in factors associated to the established handling by the own proprietor. 
Some considerations: 
1 – the weight excess during the growth phase becomes worse progressively. 
2 – it is responsible for the fat infiltration in the organs and for larger effort mechanic of the body. 
3 – dogs with pains accomplish less exercise tends larger tendency to put on weight. 
4 – it affects the psychic well-being of the animal (the lack of movements reduces the social contacts). 
5 – it potentiates possibilities of complications in surgical interventions. 
 Weigh loss program: 
1 – to evaluate the way of interacting with the animal: to adopt other interaction types (to play, to caress, to brush) in substitution to foods in response to requests for attention. 
2 – all of the members of the family should respect the program. 
3 – the weight loss results of the association among the consumption of food with low energy tenor and the increase of the level of physical activity of the dog. 
4 – the division of the daily dose is recommended in 3 or 4 meals, being avoided the hunger sensation. 
5 – the physical exercise, adapted in a gradual way, it stimulates the energy expense and it favors the preservation of the muscular mass. 
6 – it verifies in the ration package the suitable daily amount to the weight and load of the animal. 
Source: CFMV Magazine  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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May 28, 2011

The domestication of the dog

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 7:19 am

dogsIn the domestication process, the dog is inserted in the human conviviality, for that, it is extremely necessary that it is socialized, so that it can interact with human beings in a coherent way and socially it accepts. When being socialized, the dog starts to have a harmonicer relationship with his human family. 
Considering that most of the attacks happens in family contexts and commonly they are addressed people and friends, the socialization becomes a more significant need. Through the socialization process, the dog doesn’t attack a known child when she invades his territory for not identifying her nor as threat, nor as prey. 
The phase of the life that is going from eight to sixteen weeks a critical point is considered in the emotional development of the dogs. In that phase, the dog learns with very more easiness and in a more intense and durable way what is safe or not for him. 
Dogs that until the 16 weeks they don’t have contact with people pass behaving as savages, what turns him unable to learn simple commands of training. 
The process of primary socialization is characterized by the positive presentation to the nestling (8-16 weeks) of all the controllable factors that will be part of his life. Those controlled factors are: people of different ages, toys and objects. 
Source: CFMV Magazine  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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May 8, 2011

The origin of the domestic dog

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 9:31 am

wolfFrom his origin the dog is submitted to the natural selection, through the adaptation to the environment and the artificial selection, through the human beings. 
In the beginning of the domestication, the human beings conserved those encourage less aggressive and less withdrawn, probably selecting those with morphologic characteristics that differed of the wild specimen, fact that it might have made possible the great morphologic variety found in the domestic dogs nowadays. 
The domestic dog has the wolf as ancestral. Specimen of that species were, along the time, being selected for several aptitudes, being today, an animal with larger potential of social cognition that the wild wolves, standing out even of great primates in certain tasks that depend on the reading of human corporal signs. 
The first associations between men and dogs were found in China and they remount there are 150.000 years. There are about 10.000 years, when leaving of being nomadic and hunter to be producing and creator of his food, the man needed to tame the ancestral of the dog to aid him in the hunt and, later, in the care of the cattle. 
The fixation of the racial patterns only appeared starting from the Century XVI for the hunt dogs and it continued along the centuries. 
The races are fruit of natural selection, artificial selection and of the crossing among animals of different patterns. The recognition of the races depends on the people’s organization that create the dogs in associations or clubs, us which their members establish morphologic patterns and behaviors. 
Among animals of the same race different lineages can exist, that they are developed by the creators starting from the selection.  
Source: CFMV 
Vet Therapy – Dra. Cynara Campanati 

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April 24, 2011

Behavior of the adult dog

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 9:01 am

dogThe adult dog behaves with more seriousness. It is a phase in that he likes and he needs exercises in order to guarantee a healthy old age.  
Veterinarians cares and good feeding are fundamental taken care, however to know the behavior of the adult animal will avoid some insipidities. 
The adult dogs tend to have a hierarchical control, be with others encourage or the owners. He controls the occupation of the space and the individuals’ of the group movement. 
Be attentive the alterations of behavior common to the adult dogs: 
1 – aggression: she can be predator (animal fed inadequately, he is starving), hierarchal (it usually happens inside of house when the animal tries to assume the domination of the territory), territorial (common in the families where the owners don’t delimit the hierarchy, they attack any individual that inside their territory) or for fear (it happens when the animal is threatened and without the escape possibility). 
2 – submission: animals that divert the glance, are avoids, they live with the lowered tail. 
3 – territory demarcation: the dog delimits his territory through urine or feces, showing his hierarchy inside of house. 
4 – sexual behavior: the animals that present dominant behavior will assume the posture of trying to couple with their proprietors. 
Be attentive in order to correct the problems that appear, aggression doesn’t help. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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April 10, 2011

Adolescent dogs

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 9:18 am

dogSimilar to the human beings, the adolescence of the dogs is a time of a lot of energy, discoveries, persistence in disapproven behaviors, that he needs training (education). Before that, exercises are fundamental.  
Not always it is possible to be beside the dog, to avoid problems, the owner can use some tactics.  
1-to leave old clothes with the owner’s smell does with that the animal calms down and be relaxed while it is alone. 
2-you can catch a bottle, to do some holes and to put dog food inside, the dog will pass from within hours trying to remove the grains of the bottle. 
3-offer toys to the animal so that he can extravasate the energy. 
4-offer bones or something chewable, that avoids that he bites the forbidden objects of the house. 
5-hide tidbits for the house; that trick stimulates the dog to seek for the tidbit when he is not making anything. 
Activity, that is the key word. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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March 27, 2011

Psychological pregnancy, a common problem

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:02 am

nestlingThe psychological pregnancy in dogs is more common than thinks she, happens in more than 50% of female dogs no castrated. Besides the psychological alterations, she causes physical alterations also. 
It happens due to hormonal alterations capable to influence the behavior and the development of mammary tissues. That happens when there is a fall of the hormone progesterone, present in the rut. When the female dog is to give birththe progesterone level falls, what stimulates the production of the prolactin, that acts in the mammary tissue activating the production of milk and causing the maternal behavior. 
It is common the female dogs present the psychological pregnancy after the castration, if accomplished up to 3 months after the beginning of the rut. With the retreat of the ovaries, responsible for the progesterone production, there are interruption of the production of that hormone and liberation of the prolactin. 
The signs of the psychological pregnancy are: the animal scrapes the corners of the house; he protects an area or object; he is anxious or crying and appetite lack. 
To interrupt that behavior it can be used medicines that inhibit the prolactin production. They make to interrupt the production of milk and the maternal behavior quickly. Otherwise, the pregnancy finish in 2 weeks. 
To remove the objects that the animal adopted as nestling during that period can increase the anxiety and to stimulate compulsive behaviors or until turning him aggressive. 
The increase of the mammas is normal and the produced milk ends being absorbed by the organism, but it sometimes happens inflammation of the mammary glands, appearing pits, pain and red skin. Therefore, consulting a veterinarian. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 20, 2011

Nestling life

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:28 am

puppyThe arrival of the nestling is awaits always with a lot of expectation, because a new member of the family will divide the routine of the day by day. 
For that coexistence to work, some basic cares are essential and they should already begin in the first days. 
In first place it should be known that the nestlings are full of energy. They discover the world through the sense of smell. They are curious and they need to take advantage of this phase to explore the atmosphere and to have fun. In this phase they are fragile and vulnerable what demands patience and dedication. 
It is natural that the nestling cry in the first nights. If you don’t want the adult dog to sleep in the bed, don’t leave the nestling to sleep. At the most, put him in a bed beside yours. Another option is to catch a cloth and when you will look for him, scrub that cloth in the mother of the nestling to catch her smell. The night, put the cloth in the bed of the nestling, he will feel safer feeling the mother’s smell. 
Teach the norms of the house early, because the dog will owe accustom to your routine. 
Offer specific food. The portions should be ingested as soon as served. Don’t leave the exposed meal for more than 30 minutes, because it destroys and  becomes a middle of proliferation of bacteria. Habituate the animal to eat when it is served. 
The bath should be made with warm water and specific shampoo. The animal should totally be dry, use a dryer of hair. To avoid the entrance of water in the ears, put cotton inside of them. 
The nestling should make their needs in newspaper leaves or hygienic rug. You should teach him to go in the right place. As soon as wakes up, the nestling will urinate, then take him to the right place and wait. When he urinates, caress him and demonstrate that you liked. With the feces the procedure is the same. Therefore after his meal, the nestling will defecate, for that it takes him until the right place and await, when he defecates, act in the same way, caress him. 
Provide toys for the nestling and don’t motivate aggressive games. After the vaccinations he will be capable to leave in the street. Use leash for walking with him. Don’t leave him free in the street to avoid accidents. 
Don’t leave to the reach of the nestling sharp objects that he can get hurt or to swallow, remove poisonous materials (products of cleaning, plants, etc) of places where he has access. Don’t leave the open street door. 
Consult the veterinarian to know the calendar of vaccines and vermifuge that the nestling needs. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 14, 2011

Scottish Terrier, a loyalist companion

Filed under: Breed dogs — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 4:48 pm

scottish terrierScottish Terrier is original of Scotland. He was used as hunter of rodents in the coal mines of Great Britain. Therefore the hair of the snout are longer, to protect them of bitten of the preys. 
The race conquered admirers more and more for the world. The bravery, loyalty, agility and intelligence are the great prominences of that nice dog, because it gets to be valiant without being aggressive. 
It is always alert and although he is good hunter, he adores games. 
It is very affectionate with their owners, however his patience with other animals is limited and he needs a good adaptation. 
For being a dog full of energy, if you want to have one remember, physical activity is indispensable. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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