July 16, 2011

Cancer treatment in cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:47 am

cancer in catsCancer is a common disease in cats, just as in other domestic species and in human beings. 
The experience obtained starting from the human medicine has result in the development of treatments in animals and many used medicines were developed for the human beings’ treatment, however some used in dogs and humans are not appropriate for cats. 
Most of the tumors appears starting from the transformation neoplásica of a single stem cell. Initially the tumors grow quickly, but the growth speed decreases as the size increases. 
The growth fraction constitutes the most important factor than it determines the answer of a tumor to the chemotherapy, because most of the medicines is active just against cells in growth and in division. The ideal period to treat a tumor with chemotherapy is in the beginning of her development course, when the load of tumor is low, the time of duplication is short and the growth fraction is high. The cells in rest inside of a tumor they are also essential, because they form a reservoir protected starting from which a tumor can retire. Therefore, those cells determine the definitive result of the treatment. 
Initially, the tumors are composed of a group of cells reasonably homogeneous, but with successive cellular divisions, genetic mutations that check phenotype properties different in the cells daughters. Therefore, the cellular population of a tumor becomes heterogeneous regarding the characteristics biochemical, morphologic and of answer to the drug. 
Some tumors are resistant to the chemotherapy; for instance, many carcinoma and the malignant melanoma. Big tumors and of slow growth they are also, because of the fraction of low growth. The tumor cells, in the same way can acquire resistance through mutation. 
The theoretical objective of any cancer treatment is to reduce the population of tumor cells to zero. It can be used radical chemotherapy if the intention will cure the tumor. However, in veterinary medicine, it has a balance to be reached between effectiveness and toxicity of the treatment. 
The chemotherapy should be reserved for malignant tumors that knowingly answer to the medicines. It is indicated against disseminated diseases or systemic, as lymphoma, myelona, leukemia. The chemotherapy rarely has value as only treatment of solid tumors, as carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, in that case the surgery or radiotherapy would be the first treatment choice. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati   

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November 29, 2010

Are your animal allergic?

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 5:39 pm

dogThe alimentary allergies can affect any dog or cat, but they are not so common. 
The animal usually resists the protein in the food, as milk or meat. The most typical reaction in dogs is an itch dispersing for the body, while the cats develop itches in the area of the face and head. With less frequency, the reaction is vomit or diarrhea. 
In some cases, the animal develops a more serious allergic reaction to the food and edemas appear. The edemas usually appear in 20 to 60 minutes, around the eyes and of the nose. 
If the animal is with a very strong reaction, you will usually notice breathing problems, could take to a breathing stop. It is treated of an emergency and the animal should be taken to the veterinarian immediately. 
The allergic reaction to feed can be controlled easily once discovered and avoided the responsible ingredient by the allergy. 
The process of elimination of foods indicates which of them exactly causes problems. That means to do with that the animal eats a diet that never ate before. After the skin of the animal is normal, increase to the diet the suspicious foods, one of every time to discover which provokes the allergy of them. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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November 15, 2010

Basic techniques of First Aid

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 3:34 pm

dogWhen we thought about First Aid for domestic animals, we limited ourselves to emergencies, as a running over, or a shock, etc. However, all of the owners of animals come across daily problems, as infections in the ear, cuts in the paws or digestive problems. 
Frequently, you will discover that the techniques of First Aid are useful. Those basic techniques are for hundreds of situations involving dogs and cats. 
And what is more important, in situations really dramatic, they can save the life of your animal. 
The contention of the animal has 3 purposes: it protects the person of being bitten by the animal; it restricts the movements of the animal, impeding that the bruise worsens and it does with that the animal is stopped to be examined and practiced medicine. 
The cardiopulmonary resuscitation combines the artificial breathing with the compression expresses of the heart, what helps to move the blood for the body, when the heart for of beating. 
Whenever the skin breaks up, bacteria or any other strange material, even the hair can contaminate the wound and potentially to cause infection. The bleedind is a mechanism of natural cleaning, that it helps to eliminate the dangerous substance. Don’t clean wounds with abundant bleeding, because that will just do with that they bleed more.  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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October 11, 2010

What is and how to avoid the rabies

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 11:06 am

dogDo you really know rabies is? Do you know like it is transmitted? Which the symptoms? 
The rabies is a acute infectious disease that attacks the mammals (man and animals), caused by a virus that multiplies and spreads (outlying nerves) until the central nervous system, from where passes for the glands salivate, in which also multiplies. 
The form more common of transmission it is through the contact with the saliva of the stricken animal, be through bite or lambida. The scratches also have potential of contamination, due to the intense salivation of the sick animals. 
The infection source is the animal infected with the virus of rabies. In urban areas, it is mainly the dog (almost 85% of the cases) following for the cats. In rural areas, besides the dogs and cats, bats, monkeys, bovine, equine, bovid, ovinos. The wild animals are the natural reservoirs for domestic animals. 
The transmission feels before the emergence of the symptoms and during the period of the disease. In the dog and in the cat this period begins from 5 to 3 days before the emergence of the symptoms. 
In the animals the disease present 2 forms: the furious and the paralytic. The furious is characterized by inquietude, tendency to the attack, anorexia, later coma and death. In the paralytic the animal tends isolates and to hide at dark places, it presents paralysis in the back paws that it takes the death. 
To prevent it is necessary the annual vaccination. With the lack of the vaccine, take some cares: don’t leave your animal to have contact with unknown animals and don’t leave him free in the street. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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September 30, 2010

Aggression in dogs and cats

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:40 am

catBy definition, the aggression is a threat or harmful action driven somebody else. Numerous identified functional types exist. They usually relapse in one of two classes: offensive aggression or defensive aggression.   
The offensive aggression is an attempt no provoked of getting some advantage at the expense of somebody else and it includes social domination. Aggression among males, among females and predatory.   
The defensive aggression is exercised by a victim towards other individual, noticed as an abetter or threatens and it includes aggression induced by fear, conflict aggression, defense territorial, protecting, doctor (pain) and maternal.   
• the aggression can be an abnormal answer, given him object of the situation.

• can be influenced by the genetics, experience, or, what is more probable, to be consequence of a combination of both.   
• can be a manifestation of an organic abnormality.   
Factors that contribute to the problem:   
• Lack of appropriate socialization   
• Experience negative, traumatic   
• to be chained   
• No castrated   
• training for aggression   
• aggressive Lineage   
• Any condition that causes pain, discomfort, irritability   
• Any condition that affects the neurological function   
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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September 3, 2010

Say no to the tests in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

testes em animaisSome companies use dogs, cats, monkeys, mice… to test their products before putting them in the market. 

The animals are forced to ingest and to inhale chemical products; they are flung against concrete walls; it is made application of products in their eyes; they have their extracted gums and their pulled teeth; they are submitted to the radiation of biological chemical weapons; they have their pulled hair and his skin removed for application of products; they are exposed to poisonous gases and shot in the head and they are still dissected alive. 

Exists efficient alternatives that substitute the tests in animals. 

Companies that don’t make tests in animals, try to use the products of those companies:

Abelha Rainha, Adcos, Afro Nature, Ag Fragrâncias, Água de Cheiro, Akla, Allumé/Sunshine, All Vida, Amend, Anaconda, Anantha, Antídoto, Atelier do Banho, Atol, Avora, Bio Extratus, Bio Manthus, Bionatus, Búfalo, Buonavita, Bonyplus, Cadiveu, Cassiopéia, Class, Clorofitum, Coferly, Condor, Contem 1g, Contente, Copra, Cosmética, Cosinter, Davene, Driss, Dr. Tozzi, Ecologie, Éh Cosméticos, Embelleze, Esthetic, Extrato da Amazônia/Natuphitus, Extratophlora, Farmaervas, Florestas, Fri Dog, Gotas Verdes, Granado, Guabi, Impala, Koloss, Korai, Lavalma, L´aqua di Fiori, Leite de Rosas, Ludovig, Mahogany, Master Line, Max Love, Nasha, Natura, Natustrato, Nazca, Niasi, O Boticário, OX, Prolev, Rahda, Racco, Reserva Folio, Sabão Mauá, Sensória, Shizen, Surya Henna, Terractiva, Unisoap, Valmari, Vita-a, Vita Derm, Vitalabor, Yamá, Ypê, Weleda do Brasil, Abercrombie & Fitch, Ahava, American Safety Razor, Amitée, Amway, Avalon Natural Products, Avon, Carlson Laboratories, Chanel, Clarins of Paris, Clinique Labs, Ecover, Estée Lauder, Herbalife, L´anza, Lush, M.A.C., Norelco, Payot, Revlon, St. Ives, The Body Shop, Victoria Secrets.

If those companies don’t use animals for tests, why the another need to use?    

If you are also against the cruelty against animals, can you help, how? It is simple: 

1 – say no to the products tested in animals 
2 – become aware the people not to use products tested in animals 
3 - motivate to the adoption of substitutive methods 
4 - denounces, mistreatments to the animals are crime 
5 - publishe this Post so that other people have access the that information  

Source: PEA 

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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July 27, 2010

Activities for cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

cat playingThe cats are less active than the dogs. Some researches calculate that the cats sleep from 16 to 18 hours a day. Who has cat agrees that they like to nap. Even if your cat is sleepy, he needs exercises to maintain healthy and to spend energy. 
The cat with a lot of energy is bored and then to destroy the pieces of furniture, to drop things of the shelves, he searches the can of the garbage. The nestlings walk for the house, they arise and they get off the pieces of furniture, they walk around the table and close to the walls. Some cats need motivation to exercise.  
At the market exists many toys that you stimulate the cat to play. The toys tied to a stick, balls, mice, flashlights, etc. 
The persecution is good other game. It is enough to go behind your kitten until that he begins to run, then pursue him for the house. 
Always leave toys to the disposition of the cat for the house and in the schedule in that you are present plays with him for some minutes, that will stimulate him. 
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati 

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June 2, 2010

Microchip: why to use?

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Lost animals get sick, they suffer mistreatments, they take risks of accidents and of life. 
The electronic identification is the most effective form and it holds of registering the responsible proprietor for the animal, in a definitive way. The microchip never gets lost, to the opposite, he is everything that your animal needs to return quickly home. Besides, putting microchip in your pet, you will be preserving their rights and well-being, because the electronic identification has if turning obligatory all over the world.  
The veterinary doctor, with a single click, makes the application of the microchip, it is fast, easy and painless. 
If the animal be found in the street, the reader will identify the number of the animal and all his data. She also can to store data as vaccines, vermifuge and the whole medical report.  

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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May 17, 2010

Mycosis in dogs and cats

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 1:00 pm

It is the infection of the hair and horny stratum caused by mushrooms. Common in dogs and cats, with larger incidence in nestlings, animals with low immunity and cats with long hair. 
The cutaneous lesion can be located or widespread. It can have minimum itch the discreet and, occasionally intense. In general the lesions show as circular areas of alopecia, irregular or diffuse, with variable degrees of desquamation. The remaining hair can seem short or broken. 
Other symptoms in dogs and cats include erythema, pimples, crusts, seborrhea. 
The condition of bearer asymptomatic is common in cats, especially in those with long hair. 
The diagnosis is made through ultraviolet light, with potassium hydroxide, histology of the skin and culture and mushrooms. 
The duration of the treatment is around 4 to 6 weeks.  
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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May 7, 2010

Do you know what cognitive dysfunction is in animals?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The cognitive dysfunction is a syndrome associated with cerebral aging. The cerebral changes take to alterations in the perception, smaller answer to incentives and deficits in the learning and in the memory. Subtle signs are observed in the initial apprenticeships, calls of cognitive decline. 
They were identified multiple neurological changes. It is not clear which specific changes are associated with the clinical signs of the cognitive decline. 
In the affected animals it happens decrease in the number of neurons and increase of toxins, implicating the nervous transmission. Nor all the animals are affected, it usually happens in older animals. Many dogs and cats age with success and they don’t demonstrate changes in the cognitive function during the life. 
The signs are: disorientation, just as losing in family atmospheres; confusion; alterations in the cycle of the period sleep/wake, including to wake up or to vocalize at night and sometimes an increase in the sleep during the day; alterations of behavior; altered activity or inactivity. 
In general those animals don’t present a risk to the safety. However, some can become more irritable and to begin to demonstrate aggressive answers. Some animals can present risk for itself own, when confused, in case they get lost. 
Some drugs exist for treatment. A medical evaluation is necessary so that the treatment is adapted. 
Do you know some animal that suffers of cognitive dysfunction?  

Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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