July 16, 2011

Cancer treatment in cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:47 am

cancer in catsCancer is a common disease in cats, just as in other domestic species and in human beings. 
The experience obtained starting from the human medicine has result in the development of treatments in animals and many used medicines were developed for the human beings’ treatment, however some used in dogs and humans are not appropriate for cats. 
Most of the tumors appears starting from the transformation neoplásica of a single stem cell. Initially the tumors grow quickly, but the growth speed decreases as the size increases. 
The growth fraction constitutes the most important factor than it determines the answer of a tumor to the chemotherapy, because most of the medicines is active just against cells in growth and in division. The ideal period to treat a tumor with chemotherapy is in the beginning of her development course, when the load of tumor is low, the time of duplication is short and the growth fraction is high. The cells in rest inside of a tumor they are also essential, because they form a reservoir protected starting from which a tumor can retire. Therefore, those cells determine the definitive result of the treatment. 
Initially, the tumors are composed of a group of cells reasonably homogeneous, but with successive cellular divisions, genetic mutations that check phenotype properties different in the cells daughters. Therefore, the cellular population of a tumor becomes heterogeneous regarding the characteristics biochemical, morphologic and of answer to the drug. 
Some tumors are resistant to the chemotherapy; for instance, many carcinoma and the malignant melanoma. Big tumors and of slow growth they are also, because of the fraction of low growth. The tumor cells, in the same way can acquire resistance through mutation. 
The theoretical objective of any cancer treatment is to reduce the population of tumor cells to zero. It can be used radical chemotherapy if the intention will cure the tumor. However, in veterinary medicine, it has a balance to be reached between effectiveness and toxicity of the treatment. 
The chemotherapy should be reserved for malignant tumors that knowingly answer to the medicines. It is indicated against disseminated diseases or systemic, as lymphoma, myelona, leukemia. The chemotherapy rarely has value as only treatment of solid tumors, as carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, in that case the surgery or radiotherapy would be the first treatment choice. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati   

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June 18, 2011

The history of the giant cat

Filed under: Breed cats — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 4:44 pm

Maine CoonIt is said that Maine Coon appeared of the crossing among wild cats with raccoons (racoons) . That faith gave him the name of CoonCat or simply Coon. Later, the denomination of the race incorporated the one of his origin area. 

 Diffused in the middle of 1953 by the state of Maine, east of the USA, actually Maine Coon is resulted of the crossing of American cats of short hair with races of for the long ones. 

 The race impresses for the size and affectionate personality. It can get to weigh 10 Kg and to cross that weight when castrated and to be long up to 4 years to reach the adult stature. He possesses more than 60 colors (black, white, cream, ash, brown and combinations among them). 

Imposing and majestic, they present exuberant coat, he needs to groom daily. 

With his spirit hunter, they are outdoors more predisposed the life. He lives together peacefully with other cats, dogs or others encourage, he is an excellent companion. In spite of being big and strong, it is not aggressive. Difficultly it is heard the meow and it is weak as of a nestling. 

The longest cat of the world calls Leo, it weighs 15,8 Kg and it measures the snout to the tail 1,219 meters.  

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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May 14, 2011

Origin of the domestic cat

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 3:29 pm

catThe domestic cats today are an evolutionary adaptation of the African wild cats, what does with that these possess several characteristics in common with the great wild felines, as the habit of walking using their cushions quietly plant, the technical assaults of hunt and them presence of retractable nails. However, crossings among different specimens turned them smaller and less aggressive, assisting like this to the objective of creating an small animal, capable to hunt rodents and to live in the same houses that the men. 
His older one ancestral known it is Miacis, mammal that lived there are about 40 million years and it possessed the habit of walking on the branches of the trees. The evolution of that animal created Dinictis, animal that already possessed most of the present characteristics in the current felines. 

The sub-family Felinae, that contains the domestic cats, appeared there are about 12 million years, expanding the starting from Africa until reaching the lands where now it is Egypt. Besides, they were the Egyptians the first people to adopt the cats as work animals and estimate. 
When the populations stopped being nomadic, the people’s life started to depend substantially of the agriculture. It was on that moment that the cats came to do part of the daily of the human being. For possessing a fort instinct hunter, those animals exercised an important function in the society: to end with the mice that invaded the silos of cereals and other places where the foods were stored. 
However, it didn’t delay so that some animals were transported secretly for other territories, doing with that the cats ended up increasing his inclusion area. When they arrived in old Persia, they also passed to be worshipped. There was the faith that when you mistreated a black cat, you took the risk of being mistreating a spirit friend, especially created to do company to the man during his passage in the Earth. This way, when harming a cat, the man would be reaching himself. 
In the course of time the cats passed to be considered fine animals, winning a good position of the social point of view. They were used besides as accessories in social events for the ladies. In that time the cat began to be modified for exhibitions, beginning like this the creation of pure races, with pedigree. One of the first races created for that purpose was the Persian, that it was known after his introduction in the European continent, accomplished by the Italian traveler Pietro Della Valle. 
The great first exhibition of cats happened in 1871, in London. To leave of that moment, the interest in exposing cats developed inside of standard rights spread for the whole Europe. 
Nowadays, the cats are one of the most popular mascots all over the world, serving the man as a good company animal and they still continue being used by farmers and navigators of several countries, as a cheap middle of controlling the population certain rodents. Due to the fact of his domestication to be relatively recent, when necessary, they easily can convert to the wild life, starting to live in wild atmospheres, where they form small colonies and they hunt together.  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 20, 2011

Nestling life

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:28 am

puppyThe arrival of the nestling is awaits always with a lot of expectation, because a new member of the family will divide the routine of the day by day. 
For that coexistence to work, some basic cares are essential and they should already begin in the first days. 
In first place it should be known that the nestlings are full of energy. They discover the world through the sense of smell. They are curious and they need to take advantage of this phase to explore the atmosphere and to have fun. In this phase they are fragile and vulnerable what demands patience and dedication. 
It is natural that the nestling cry in the first nights. If you don’t want the adult dog to sleep in the bed, don’t leave the nestling to sleep. At the most, put him in a bed beside yours. Another option is to catch a cloth and when you will look for him, scrub that cloth in the mother of the nestling to catch her smell. The night, put the cloth in the bed of the nestling, he will feel safer feeling the mother’s smell. 
Teach the norms of the house early, because the dog will owe accustom to your routine. 
Offer specific food. The portions should be ingested as soon as served. Don’t leave the exposed meal for more than 30 minutes, because it destroys and  becomes a middle of proliferation of bacteria. Habituate the animal to eat when it is served. 
The bath should be made with warm water and specific shampoo. The animal should totally be dry, use a dryer of hair. To avoid the entrance of water in the ears, put cotton inside of them. 
The nestling should make their needs in newspaper leaves or hygienic rug. You should teach him to go in the right place. As soon as wakes up, the nestling will urinate, then take him to the right place and wait. When he urinates, caress him and demonstrate that you liked. With the feces the procedure is the same. Therefore after his meal, the nestling will defecate, for that it takes him until the right place and await, when he defecates, act in the same way, caress him. 
Provide toys for the nestling and don’t motivate aggressive games. After the vaccinations he will be capable to leave in the street. Use leash for walking with him. Don’t leave him free in the street to avoid accidents. 
Don’t leave to the reach of the nestling sharp objects that he can get hurt or to swallow, remove poisonous materials (products of cleaning, plants, etc) of places where he has access. Don’t leave the open street door. 
Consult the veterinarian to know the calendar of vaccines and vermifuge that the nestling needs. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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February 6, 2011

Diarrhea: when it worries

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:00 pm

dog_dairrheaIt is very common that dogs and cats have diarrhea (intestinal movements abnormally loosened or frequent). 
Most of the cases is caused when the animal eats some thing that didn’t owe, but it can also be a sign of something more serious as distemper include  fever. 
One of the most dangerous things in the diarrhea is the loss of water of the organism, what takes the dehydration. 
What to do in case of diarrhea: 
1 – it interrupts the feeding - stop giving eaten by a period from 12 to 24 hours so that his intestine rests and there be time for him to recover of the inflammation. If there is not anything in the intestines, there won’t be anything to evacuate. 
2 – it maintains the moisturized animal – it is certified that the animal always has free access to the water, for him not to dehydrate. 
3 – it consults the veterinarian before giving some medicine – not always it is recommended to cut the diarrhea with medicines, the veterinary orientation is important to supply the animal an appropriate treatment. 
When to go to the veterinarian: 
1 – black feces with pitch consistence 
2 – extremely badly scented feces 
3 – feces with great amount of red blood 
4 – following diarrhea for vomit 
5 – sharp pain during the evacuation 
6 – fever 
7 – appetite loss 
8 – lethargy 
Most of the simplest diarrheas, in that the animal still feel well and usually behaves, it is of pasty consistence or it just contains little of blood. It can, usually, to be cured home, with a first aid. In case the diarrhea persists for more than three days without improvement, it takes the animal to the veterinarian. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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January 18, 2011

When to take the animal to the dentist?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:30 pm

Interview accomplished with Dr. Alexandre Venceslau of VetDent:  
dog teeth1 – why is the dental treatment necessary? 
 The dental treatment in animals is as necessary as in people. Several diseases have origin in the oral cavity, and also oral diseases are very common in pets. In fact, the main disease that affects dogs and adult cats is the periodontite, that attacks about 85% of the dogs and cats above the 3 years of age, being the main and more frequent veterinary disease in these species. 
2 – with that age should be begun? 
 So soon the deciduous teeth appear they are necessary cares with the oral health of the pet.  
3 – with that frequency is necessary to do a treatment? 
It depends a lot on patient for patient. In general, it is recommended that at least once a year the proprietor of the pet makes an evaluation with the specialized veterinary doctor, that will guide better as for possible necessary treatments. 
4 – which the oral diseases? 
The main, as already said, is the periodontite, that is characterized by the accumulation of bacterial plate, formation of dental calculation (tartar) and consequent evolution for gingivitis. But they are also quite common dental fractures, persistence of deciduous teething, jaw fractures, oral neoplasias.   
5 – which the consequences of not treating the teeth?  
The non treatment can in more serious cases to take the patient to the death. But, before that, a series of complications can happen, therefore a periodontite no controlled generates a bacteremia, with bacterial by-products going to the sanguine circulation and affecting organs as liver, kidneys, meninges, articulations and even the heart.  
Dental fractures no treated can cause a lot of pain to the patient, as well as also the bacteremia.  
6 – how to prevent the oral problems? 
 The best way is the daily, associated dental brush, a quality feeding and balanced. Besides, to avoid habits to provoke traumas and dental fractures or you pray, as for instance, games with tires, to pull rope, hard bones.  
Also frequency visits is recommended to a specialized veterinarian, that it will detect any abnormality that is happening in the oral cavity of the pet. 
 7 – how does to know the animal need a treatment? 
 Usually the animals manifest signs that something is wrong with the oral cavity. Patient that pass the paw frequently in the mouth, they scrub the snout in the ground, they chew with an alone side of the mouth, they can be being attacked in some way. But not always they demonstrate that something this wandered, therefore, it is important to look at the oral cavity of the animal frequently. 
Signs as bad breath, tartar presence, inflamed gum or bleeding, gum retraction, growth of “masses” (tumors) they are also indicative that something is not normal and it is hour of taking him to the veterinarian. 
8 – which accomplished treatments? 
 Practically everything that takes place in the human dentistry today is possible to do in animals. Treatment of periodontite, channel treatment, dental correction with installation of apparels, prostheses, implants, etc.  
Treatments that 10 years ago they were considered luxury or unviable, today it is reality.  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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January 3, 2011

Do you take care of the nails of the animals?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:23 am

catActive animals don’t usually suffer damages in the nails, that because the friction spends the nails. 
The ones that are too long break usually or they come unfastened in the skin when they coil in bed linens, curtains or rugs. 
Several nerves and blood vessels exist in the fingers, what does with that the damages in the nails are painful and usually bleed a lot, but it is rarely serious thing and a ready simple service solves. 
A nail departure is painful, for that you will need somebody to hold the animal, while you make a ready service. 
To remove the damaged nail, use a cutter of nails for animals. 
If the intact portion of the nail be not opened, you can just cut the hung part. 
If there is an indented extremity or forked bleeding, it is necessary that the nail is cut above the damaged part, the one that can mean cut almost close to the finger. 
Dip the cutter firstly in the alcohol, later dry it well. 
Hold the paw of the animal with firmness, position the cutter soon above the damage and cut quickly with a gesture. 
Be prepared for a yelp, move back from the animal and more blood. If the bleeding doesn’t stop within 30 minutes it is necessary to cauterize the place. 
When cutting the nail, if it bleeds, use a hemostat powder. Use a sponge to apply the powder, maintain that procedure until that the bleeding stops. 
Damaged nails are infected easily because the bacteria of the soil enter for the fissures to the bed of the nail. Therefore make weekly inspections in the nails of the animals. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati  

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December 14, 2010

Contamination in the hair: what to do?

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:57 am

dogDogs and cats frequently walk or they are leaned in places with wet paint or oil. Motor oil and wax are other pollutants common of the hair. 
Most of the derived products of the petroleum is absorbed by the skin, therefore, besides being horrible, the contamination can cause a dangerous intoxication. 
See as helping the animal: 
1 – with the use of rubber gloves put a small amount of solvent in a clean cloth and hold it on the paint so that her mollify and it can be removed. Avoid that the animal whips the area. 
2 – after the paint to be removed, wash the solvent immediately with soap and water. 
3 – other option is the use of flour and vegetable oil, for great polluted areas, but it takes time. Scrub great amount of vegetable oil and later remove with paper towel. Repeat several times until getting to remove the maximum of pollutant. Then the flour can be put to help in the absorption of the substance. 
4 – if the pollutant goes wax or paint latex, put ice, he will do with that the wax or the paint are brittle, could be peeled. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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November 29, 2010

Are your animal allergic?

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 5:39 pm

dogThe alimentary allergies can affect any dog or cat, but they are not so common. 
The animal usually resists the protein in the food, as milk or meat. The most typical reaction in dogs is an itch dispersing for the body, while the cats develop itches in the area of the face and head. With less frequency, the reaction is vomit or diarrhea. 
In some cases, the animal develops a more serious allergic reaction to the food and edemas appear. The edemas usually appear in 20 to 60 minutes, around the eyes and of the nose. 
If the animal is with a very strong reaction, you will usually notice breathing problems, could take to a breathing stop. It is treated of an emergency and the animal should be taken to the veterinarian immediately. 
The allergic reaction to feed can be controlled easily once discovered and avoided the responsible ingredient by the allergy. 
The process of elimination of foods indicates which of them exactly causes problems. That means to do with that the animal eats a diet that never ate before. After the skin of the animal is normal, increase to the diet the suspicious foods, one of every time to discover which provokes the allergy of them. 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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November 15, 2010

Basic techniques of First Aid

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 3:34 pm

dogWhen we thought about First Aid for domestic animals, we limited ourselves to emergencies, as a running over, or a shock, etc. However, all of the owners of animals come across daily problems, as infections in the ear, cuts in the paws or digestive problems. 
Frequently, you will discover that the techniques of First Aid are useful. Those basic techniques are for hundreds of situations involving dogs and cats. 
And what is more important, in situations really dramatic, they can save the life of your animal. 
The contention of the animal has 3 purposes: it protects the person of being bitten by the animal; it restricts the movements of the animal, impeding that the bruise worsens and it does with that the animal is stopped to be examined and practiced medicine. 
The cardiopulmonary resuscitation combines the artificial breathing with the compression expresses of the heart, what helps to move the blood for the body, when the heart for of beating. 
Whenever the skin breaks up, bacteria or any other strange material, even the hair can contaminate the wound and potentially to cause infection. The bleedind is a mechanism of natural cleaning, that it helps to eliminate the dangerous substance. Don’t clean wounds with abundant bleeding, because that will just do with that they bleed more.  
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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