vettherapy

December 15, 2011

Cares with poisonous animals!

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 2:51 pm

scorpionSome cares are necessary to avoid accidents with poisonous animals, in some areas in certain time of the year the occurrences arrive to 80% of the assisted cases.

It is important that the people know as proceeding in case of accidents with those encourage.

1 – don’t tie the place of the wound, that action can produce necrosis and it doesn’t avoid the spread of the poison.

2 – in case of accidents with snakes, the affected place should only washed with water and soap and not to pass any other product or medicine.

3 – as for the scorpion sting, the first measure that should be adopted it is to put compresses of lukewarm water on the wound. That will help to relieve the pain.

4 – in case of spider bites and caterpillar burns it is important not to mess in the wound and go to medical service immediately.

What not to do: to cut or to hole the place of the bite to try to extract the poison, to do tourniquets (to tie the place to avoid the sanguine circulation), to try to remove the animal without a qualified professional’s help, not to pass products as butter, creams or other greasy substances in the wound.

It is fundamental that the people follow those recommendations in cases of accidents with poisonous animals and look for, as soon as possible, the medical service. That will guarantee the precocious diagnosis and an effective treatment.

Source: www.butantan.gov.br

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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March 5, 2011

Ant, more than a curse

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 1:30 pm

antThe red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), very common in Brazil, it is one of the main invaders curses in the world. 
 
An article published in the magazine Science shows that the ant moves among countries and promotes a true world invasion. 
 
She is native of South America, but there is one century moved for the continent and it arrived to the south of the United States, where she settled down. 
 
The small ant cause a grandiose economical impact in the United States. There the curse gives a damage of US$ 6 billion a year. 
 
The ant affect local communities of insects, promoting ecological unbalance and favoring the development of noxious organisms to the agriculture. 
 
They also can, to cause damages to electronic equipments, because the nests can be housed inside of them. In those cases, they can gnaw the electric threads and to cause short circuits. 
 
They can still cause allergies and anaphylactic shock in people and animals sensitive to her poison. 
 
As everything, the ant also have her beneficial side. She promote the aeration of the soil, she incorporate nutritious to the soil, she pollinate plants, she is efficient predator of other insects, she manipulate seeds for her feeding promoting the germination of some species of plants. 
 
Source: Newspaper Gazeta  
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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February 6, 2011

Diarrhea: when it worries

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:00 pm

dog_dairrheaIt is very common that dogs and cats have diarrhea (intestinal movements abnormally loosened or frequent). 
 
Most of the cases is caused when the animal eats some thing that didn’t owe, but it can also be a sign of something more serious as distemper include  fever. 
 
One of the most dangerous things in the diarrhea is the loss of water of the organism, what takes the dehydration. 
 
What to do in case of diarrhea: 
 
1 – it interrupts the feeding - stop giving eaten by a period from 12 to 24 hours so that his intestine rests and there be time for him to recover of the inflammation. If there is not anything in the intestines, there won’t be anything to evacuate. 
 
2 – it maintains the moisturized animal – it is certified that the animal always has free access to the water, for him not to dehydrate. 
 
3 – it consults the veterinarian before giving some medicine – not always it is recommended to cut the diarrhea with medicines, the veterinary orientation is important to supply the animal an appropriate treatment. 
 
When to go to the veterinarian: 
 
1 – black feces with pitch consistence 
 
2 – extremely badly scented feces 
 
3 – feces with great amount of red blood 
 
4 – following diarrhea for vomit 
 
5 – sharp pain during the evacuation 
 
6 – fever 
 
7 – appetite loss 
 
8 – lethargy 
 
Most of the simplest diarrheas, in that the animal still feel well and usually behaves, it is of pasty consistence or it just contains little of blood. It can, usually, to be cured home, with a first aid. In case the diarrhea persists for more than three days without improvement, it takes the animal to the veterinarian. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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January 11, 2011

Hypoglycemia in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 10:22 am

dogThe low tax of sugar in the blood (hypoglycemia)  can be happened if the animal has a badly operation of the pancreas. 
 
The pancreas produces insulin, that takes the sugar (glucose) until the cells of the body to give energy. When there is insulin excess, the animal has hypoglycemia. 
 
Diseases in the liver, or even great amount of intestinal parasites that interfere in the digestion can cause hypoglycemia. 
 
As the heart beat and the breathing are slower, the animals with low tax of sugar in the blood, become weak, sleepy, disoriented, staggering and with the stopped eye. They can have convulsions, to lose the conscience and to enter in coma. 
 
To know the animal has hypoglycemia is necessary to evaluate the symptoms and to accomplish laboratory exams. 
 
To maintain the glucose level in the blood in normal levels, the animal should be fed every 2 hours and it should be avoided to offer sweet to him. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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January 3, 2011

Do you take care of the nails of the animals?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:23 am

catActive animals don’t usually suffer damages in the nails, that because the friction spends the nails. 
 
The ones that are too long break usually or they come unfastened in the skin when they coil in bed linens, curtains or rugs. 
 
Several nerves and blood vessels exist in the fingers, what does with that the damages in the nails are painful and usually bleed a lot, but it is rarely serious thing and a ready simple service solves. 
 
A nail departure is painful, for that you will need somebody to hold the animal, while you make a ready service. 
 
To remove the damaged nail, use a cutter of nails for animals. 
 
If the intact portion of the nail be not opened, you can just cut the hung part. 
 
If there is an indented extremity or forked bleeding, it is necessary that the nail is cut above the damaged part, the one that can mean cut almost close to the finger. 
 
Dip the cutter firstly in the alcohol, later dry it well. 
 
Hold the paw of the animal with firmness, position the cutter soon above the damage and cut quickly with a gesture. 
 
Be prepared for a yelp, move back from the animal and more blood. If the bleeding doesn’t stop within 30 minutes it is necessary to cauterize the place. 
 
When cutting the nail, if it bleeds, use a hemostat powder. Use a sponge to apply the powder, maintain that procedure until that the bleeding stops. 
 
Damaged nails are infected easily because the bacteria of the soil enter for the fissures to the bed of the nail. Therefore make weekly inspections in the nails of the animals. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati  

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November 1, 2010

Electric discharge in animals, what to do?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 4:35 pm

tomadaThe electric discharge usually happens in nestlings, because they chew any thing, including electric threads and of telephone. 
 
The most serious electric discharges can provoke convulsions or to stop the heart, and the damages can be insidious, because they appear slowly, sometimes taking to an irregular heart beat or difficulties in the breathing, many days after the accident. 
 
Most of the shocks that happen in a domestic atmosphere is very far away from that gravity. The animals will be with burns in the lips, in the corners of the mouth or in the language, then see what to do: 
 
1 – turn off the energy – the electric current usually provokes muscular spasms, turning impossible that the animals release the thread that are biting. 
 
2 – if he is with convulsion covers his head with a dark towel to protect him of the light and of the noise, that can help for the convulsion to finish faster. 
 
3 - maintain the animal quiet – the stress does with he needs more oxygen and him can have difficulty to breathe. 
 
4 - give ice for him – the ice can relieve the pain of burns in the mouth, you can put the ice in the water to drink. 
 
5 - treat the burns – burns in the mouth can take some time to heal, verify if they are clean and gown the foods in the blender to facilitate the feeding. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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October 25, 2010

Cares with ticks

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:29 am

dogThe ticks affect the dogs much more than the cats because these tend to remove them when they clean, unless they don’t get to reach them. The ticks stay in the skin of the animal per days, while they suck his blood. 
 
In the body of the animal, the parts with few hair and hard of reaching, as the ears, the armpits and among the fingers, are the favorite objectives of the ticks, but they can be found in any other place. Most of the time, the animal not even it will feel the bite, they hardly ever infect. 
 
The ticks carry their minuscule own parasites (protozoa and bacteria), that can cause very serious diseases in animals and human beings, once they penetrate in the sanguine current. 
 
It is for that is so important to remove the ticks as soon as possible. The retreat of the tick can be made with the topical application of ticks´s products or manually. In the manual retreat, don’t use the fingers to remove him, use a tweezers with round tips. Put discards gloves and be careful for not squeezing the body of the tick when it removes him, so that there is not contamination. Catch the very close body to the skin and the buccal pieces of the tick and pull him outside, in line straight, slow and smoothly, that will do with that the buccal pieces come unfastened more easily. 
 
Don’t worry the head to come unfastened and to be file in the skin, that hardly ever happens, but if it happens, it should not cause problems for most of the animals. 
 
Play the tick in a jug with alcohol, or inside of the toilet and give discharge. 
 
Wash the place of the bite with antiseptic soap liquid. Apply an antibiotic ointment. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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October 18, 2010

Human medicines: to use or not to use?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:42 am

drugsThe veterinary medicines, servants for dogs and cats, act with a lot of speed. Usually they have flavors that help to be swallowed with more easiness and their formulas come in several concentrations, so that they can satisfy as much the needs of nestlings as of adults and small and big loads. 
 
Some human medicines are dangerous when administered in animals. However, as many human medicines contain the same active ingredients of the versions for animals, a lot of times you can relieve the symptoms of the animal with a ready service, but it is necessary to know which medicines to use and which the dosage. 
 
Hardly ever the animals should receive the same dosage that a person. Their organisms work in way different from the one of the humans and them don’t metabolize drugs in the same way. The dose for animals is based usually in their corporal weight, therefore it is necessary to know as they weigh for then can medicate them. The medicines liquids are easier to adjust the dose.  

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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October 11, 2010

What is and how to avoid the rabies

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 11:06 am

dogDo you really know rabies is? Do you know like it is transmitted? Which the symptoms? 
 
The rabies is a acute infectious disease that attacks the mammals (man and animals), caused by a virus that multiplies and spreads (outlying nerves) until the central nervous system, from where passes for the glands salivate, in which also multiplies. 
 
The form more common of transmission it is through the contact with the saliva of the stricken animal, be through bite or lambida. The scratches also have potential of contamination, due to the intense salivation of the sick animals. 
 
The infection source is the animal infected with the virus of rabies. In urban areas, it is mainly the dog (almost 85% of the cases) following for the cats. In rural areas, besides the dogs and cats, bats, monkeys, bovine, equine, bovid, ovinos. The wild animals are the natural reservoirs for domestic animals. 
 
The transmission feels before the emergence of the symptoms and during the period of the disease. In the dog and in the cat this period begins from 5 to 3 days before the emergence of the symptoms. 
 
In the animals the disease present 2 forms: the furious and the paralytic. The furious is characterized by inquietude, tendency to the attack, anorexia, later coma and death. In the paralytic the animal tends isolates and to hide at dark places, it presents paralysis in the back paws that it takes the death. 
 
To prevent it is necessary the annual vaccination. With the lack of the vaccine, take some cares: don’t leave your animal to have contact with unknown animals and don’t leave him free in the street. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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September 30, 2010

Aggression in dogs and cats

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:40 am

catBy definition, the aggression is a threat or harmful action driven somebody else. Numerous identified functional types exist. They usually relapse in one of two classes: offensive aggression or defensive aggression.   
   
The offensive aggression is an attempt no provoked of getting some advantage at the expense of somebody else and it includes social domination. Aggression among males, among females and predatory.   
   
The defensive aggression is exercised by a victim towards other individual, noticed as an abetter or threatens and it includes aggression induced by fear, conflict aggression, defense territorial, protecting, doctor (pain) and maternal.   
   
• the aggression can be an abnormal answer, given him object of the situation.

• can be influenced by the genetics, experience, or, what is more probable, to be consequence of a combination of both.   
   
• can be a manifestation of an organic abnormality.   
   
Factors that contribute to the problem:   
   
• Lack of appropriate socialization   
   
• Experience negative, traumatic   
   
• to be chained   
   
• No castrated   
   
• training for aggression   
   
• aggressive Lineage   
   
• Any condition that causes pain, discomfort, irritability   
   
• Any condition that affects the neurological function   
   
Vet Therapy – Cynara Campanati

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