vettherapy

July 30, 2011

What is rehabilitation and how it can help your animal

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:29 pm

physiotherapyRehabilitation is the restoration to the normality, or to the closest possible of her, in way and of function altered by some lesion type. That rehabilitation is made through techniques used as the acupuncture, physiotherapy and chiropractic (art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxation of the articulations of the body).   

The rehabilitation includes the patients’ evaluation with functional limitations, incapacity and/or locomotion difficulties, pain, posture alterations, etc. After that evaluation accomplished by the specialist of the area, the treatment protocol is drawn.   

The animal rehabilitation is used since the decade of 80 in the United States and in Europe and it is usually used as main treatment before the conventional medicines and of the surgery. The animal is only directed for surgery if he doesn’t answer to the rehabilitation, and when submitted to the surgical procedure his recovery is faster, because the rehabilitation improved his physical condition.

The Acupuncture is a technique of stimulation of defined areas in the skin, for needles and/or for transfer of heat for therapeutic ends. It fills out a gap between the medicine and the surgery.  

It is known that the acupuncture affects all of the physiologic systems (normal function of the body), acting from way to take the organism to find his energy balance, doing with that the energy blockades (pain points) they are undone and the energy flows correctly for the body. It is gotten to restore the normal activities of the organs, visceras, members, since, there be not irreversible structural alterations (for instance, paralysis of members for rupture of the marrow espinal).   

It treats problems as paralyses, pain, locomotion difficulties, posture alteration, disk disease or bone alterations, skin problems, behavior problems, etc.    

The Physiotherapy is the treatment of a disease through exercises and apparels. It evaluates, prevents and  treats the movement disturbances. It acts in the most different areas with procedures, techniques, methodologies and specific approaches with the objective of treating, to minimize and to prevent the most varied dysfunctions.     

Many resources exist, as, for instance: the therapeutic ultrassom, laser, stimulation neuromuscular, pulse magnetic field, etc.   

Many problems can be treated as: articulate problems, muscle problems, bone problems, pain, locomotion difficulty, paralyses, muscle atrophies, arthrosis, etc.     

Chiropractic is the art of adjusting with the hands the sub-luxations of the articulations of the body. An exam of palpation of the articulations is accomplished and the articulations that come untidy they are adjusted.  She stimulates the force of the recuperation of the body to cure without the use of medicines or surgery.   

A sub-luxation doesn’t allow the nervous information to flow correctly, therefore when adjusting the body of the animal we are helping the nervous system so that he can recover his functionality, improving the movement of the articulations of the spine and of the extremities of the animal. This improvement of the movement results in muscles, tendons and ligaments more resistant, strong and developed.  

A disadjusted vertebra can cause pain, posture alteration and in the walk, paralyses, aggressiveness, low performance in animals athletes, lameness, etc.   

As it is a specialized treatment, only the specialist of the area can specify the number of sections, treatment type and duration of the treatment.    

The animal seemingly can be recovered, but if it is not totally rehabilitated can happen a relapse or to appear other problems.     

Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati

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July 16, 2011

Cancer treatment in cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:47 am

cancer in catsCancer is a common disease in cats, just as in other domestic species and in human beings. 
 
The experience obtained starting from the human medicine has result in the development of treatments in animals and many used medicines were developed for the human beings’ treatment, however some used in dogs and humans are not appropriate for cats. 
 
Most of the tumors appears starting from the transformation neoplásica of a single stem cell. Initially the tumors grow quickly, but the growth speed decreases as the size increases. 
 
The growth fraction constitutes the most important factor than it determines the answer of a tumor to the chemotherapy, because most of the medicines is active just against cells in growth and in division. The ideal period to treat a tumor with chemotherapy is in the beginning of her development course, when the load of tumor is low, the time of duplication is short and the growth fraction is high. The cells in rest inside of a tumor they are also essential, because they form a reservoir protected starting from which a tumor can retire. Therefore, those cells determine the definitive result of the treatment. 
 
Initially, the tumors are composed of a group of cells reasonably homogeneous, but with successive cellular divisions, genetic mutations that check phenotype properties different in the cells daughters. Therefore, the cellular population of a tumor becomes heterogeneous regarding the characteristics biochemical, morphologic and of answer to the drug. 
 
Some tumors are resistant to the chemotherapy; for instance, many carcinoma and the malignant melanoma. Big tumors and of slow growth they are also, because of the fraction of low growth. The tumor cells, in the same way can acquire resistance through mutation. 
 
The theoretical objective of any cancer treatment is to reduce the population of tumor cells to zero. It can be used radical chemotherapy if the intention will cure the tumor. However, in veterinary medicine, it has a balance to be reached between effectiveness and toxicity of the treatment. 
 
The chemotherapy should be reserved for malignant tumors that knowingly answer to the medicines. It is indicated against disseminated diseases or systemic, as lymphoma, myelona, leukemia. The chemotherapy rarely has value as only treatment of solid tumors, as carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, in that case the surgery or radiotherapy would be the first treatment choice. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati   

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