vettherapy

March 27, 2011

Psychological pregnancy, a common problem

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:02 am

nestlingThe psychological pregnancy in dogs is more common than thinks she, happens in more than 50% of female dogs no castrated. Besides the psychological alterations, she causes physical alterations also. 
 
It happens due to hormonal alterations capable to influence the behavior and the development of mammary tissues. That happens when there is a fall of the hormone progesterone, present in the rut. When the female dog is to give birththe progesterone level falls, what stimulates the production of the prolactin, that acts in the mammary tissue activating the production of milk and causing the maternal behavior. 
 
It is common the female dogs present the psychological pregnancy after the castration, if accomplished up to 3 months after the beginning of the rut. With the retreat of the ovaries, responsible for the progesterone production, there are interruption of the production of that hormone and liberation of the prolactin. 
 
The signs of the psychological pregnancy are: the animal scrapes the corners of the house; he protects an area or object; he is anxious or crying and appetite lack. 
 
To interrupt that behavior it can be used medicines that inhibit the prolactin production. They make to interrupt the production of milk and the maternal behavior quickly. Otherwise, the pregnancy finish in 2 weeks. 
 
To remove the objects that the animal adopted as nestling during that period can increase the anxiety and to stimulate compulsive behaviors or until turning him aggressive. 
 
The increase of the mammas is normal and the produced milk ends being absorbed by the organism, but it sometimes happens inflammation of the mammary glands, appearing pits, pain and red skin. Therefore, consulting a veterinarian. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 20, 2011

Nestling life

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:28 am

puppyThe arrival of the nestling is awaits always with a lot of expectation, because a new member of the family will divide the routine of the day by day. 
 
For that coexistence to work, some basic cares are essential and they should already begin in the first days. 
 
In first place it should be known that the nestlings are full of energy. They discover the world through the sense of smell. They are curious and they need to take advantage of this phase to explore the atmosphere and to have fun. In this phase they are fragile and vulnerable what demands patience and dedication. 
 
It is natural that the nestling cry in the first nights. If you don’t want the adult dog to sleep in the bed, don’t leave the nestling to sleep. At the most, put him in a bed beside yours. Another option is to catch a cloth and when you will look for him, scrub that cloth in the mother of the nestling to catch her smell. The night, put the cloth in the bed of the nestling, he will feel safer feeling the mother’s smell. 
 
Teach the norms of the house early, because the dog will owe accustom to your routine. 
 
Offer specific food. The portions should be ingested as soon as served. Don’t leave the exposed meal for more than 30 minutes, because it destroys and  becomes a middle of proliferation of bacteria. Habituate the animal to eat when it is served. 
 
The bath should be made with warm water and specific shampoo. The animal should totally be dry, use a dryer of hair. To avoid the entrance of water in the ears, put cotton inside of them. 
 
The nestling should make their needs in newspaper leaves or hygienic rug. You should teach him to go in the right place. As soon as wakes up, the nestling will urinate, then take him to the right place and wait. When he urinates, caress him and demonstrate that you liked. With the feces the procedure is the same. Therefore after his meal, the nestling will defecate, for that it takes him until the right place and await, when he defecates, act in the same way, caress him. 
 
Provide toys for the nestling and don’t motivate aggressive games. After the vaccinations he will be capable to leave in the street. Use leash for walking with him. Don’t leave him free in the street to avoid accidents. 
 
Don’t leave to the reach of the nestling sharp objects that he can get hurt or to swallow, remove poisonous materials (products of cleaning, plants, etc) of places where he has access. Don’t leave the open street door. 
 
Consult the veterinarian to know the calendar of vaccines and vermifuge that the nestling needs. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 14, 2011

Scottish Terrier, a loyalist companion

Filed under: Breed dogs — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 4:48 pm

scottish terrierScottish Terrier is original of Scotland. He was used as hunter of rodents in the coal mines of Great Britain. Therefore the hair of the snout are longer, to protect them of bitten of the preys. 
 
The race conquered admirers more and more for the world. The bravery, loyalty, agility and intelligence are the great prominences of that nice dog, because it gets to be valiant without being aggressive. 
 
It is always alert and although he is good hunter, he adores games. 
 
It is very affectionate with their owners, however his patience with other animals is limited and he needs a good adaptation. 
 
For being a dog full of energy, if you want to have one remember, physical activity is indispensable. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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March 5, 2011

Ant, more than a curse

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 1:30 pm

antThe red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), very common in Brazil, it is one of the main invaders curses in the world. 
 
An article published in the magazine Science shows that the ant moves among countries and promotes a true world invasion. 
 
She is native of South America, but there is one century moved for the continent and it arrived to the south of the United States, where she settled down. 
 
The small ant cause a grandiose economical impact in the United States. There the curse gives a damage of US$ 6 billion a year. 
 
The ant affect local communities of insects, promoting ecological unbalance and favoring the development of noxious organisms to the agriculture. 
 
They also can, to cause damages to electronic equipments, because the nests can be housed inside of them. In those cases, they can gnaw the electric threads and to cause short circuits. 
 
They can still cause allergies and anaphylactic shock in people and animals sensitive to her poison. 
 
As everything, the ant also have her beneficial side. She promote the aeration of the soil, she incorporate nutritious to the soil, she pollinate plants, she is efficient predator of other insects, she manipulate seeds for her feeding promoting the germination of some species of plants. 
 
Source: Newspaper Gazeta  
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

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