vettherapy

January 18, 2011

When to take the animal to the dentist?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:30 pm

Interview accomplished with Dr. Alexandre Venceslau of VetDent:  
 
dog teeth1 – why is the dental treatment necessary? 
 
 The dental treatment in animals is as necessary as in people. Several diseases have origin in the oral cavity, and also oral diseases are very common in pets. In fact, the main disease that affects dogs and adult cats is the periodontite, that attacks about 85% of the dogs and cats above the 3 years of age, being the main and more frequent veterinary disease in these species. 
 
2 – with that age should be begun? 
 
 So soon the deciduous teeth appear they are necessary cares with the oral health of the pet.  
 
3 – with that frequency is necessary to do a treatment? 
 
It depends a lot on patient for patient. In general, it is recommended that at least once a year the proprietor of the pet makes an evaluation with the specialized veterinary doctor, that will guide better as for possible necessary treatments. 
 
4 – which the oral diseases? 
 
The main, as already said, is the periodontite, that is characterized by the accumulation of bacterial plate, formation of dental calculation (tartar) and consequent evolution for gingivitis. But they are also quite common dental fractures, persistence of deciduous teething, jaw fractures, oral neoplasias.   
 
5 – which the consequences of not treating the teeth?  
  
The non treatment can in more serious cases to take the patient to the death. But, before that, a series of complications can happen, therefore a periodontite no controlled generates a bacteremia, with bacterial by-products going to the sanguine circulation and affecting organs as liver, kidneys, meninges, articulations and even the heart.  
 
Dental fractures no treated can cause a lot of pain to the patient, as well as also the bacteremia.  
 
6 – how to prevent the oral problems? 
 
 The best way is the daily, associated dental brush, a quality feeding and balanced. Besides, to avoid habits to provoke traumas and dental fractures or you pray, as for instance, games with tires, to pull rope, hard bones.  
 
Also frequency visits is recommended to a specialized veterinarian, that it will detect any abnormality that is happening in the oral cavity of the pet. 
 
 7 – how does to know the animal need a treatment? 
 
 Usually the animals manifest signs that something is wrong with the oral cavity. Patient that pass the paw frequently in the mouth, they scrub the snout in the ground, they chew with an alone side of the mouth, they can be being attacked in some way. But not always they demonstrate that something this wandered, therefore, it is important to look at the oral cavity of the animal frequently. 
 
Signs as bad breath, tartar presence, inflamed gum or bleeding, gum retraction, growth of “masses” (tumors) they are also indicative that something is not normal and it is hour of taking him to the veterinarian. 
 
8 – which accomplished treatments? 
 
 Practically everything that takes place in the human dentistry today is possible to do in animals. Treatment of periodontite, channel treatment, dental correction with installation of apparels, prostheses, implants, etc.  
 
Treatments that 10 years ago they were considered luxury or unviable, today it is reality.  
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

Click on pen to Use a Highlighter on this page

January 11, 2011

Hypoglycemia in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 10:22 am

dogThe low tax of sugar in the blood (hypoglycemia)  can be happened if the animal has a badly operation of the pancreas. 
 
The pancreas produces insulin, that takes the sugar (glucose) until the cells of the body to give energy. When there is insulin excess, the animal has hypoglycemia. 
 
Diseases in the liver, or even great amount of intestinal parasites that interfere in the digestion can cause hypoglycemia. 
 
As the heart beat and the breathing are slower, the animals with low tax of sugar in the blood, become weak, sleepy, disoriented, staggering and with the stopped eye. They can have convulsions, to lose the conscience and to enter in coma. 
 
To know the animal has hypoglycemia is necessary to evaluate the symptoms and to accomplish laboratory exams. 
 
To maintain the glucose level in the blood in normal levels, the animal should be fed every 2 hours and it should be avoided to offer sweet to him. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati 

Click on pen to Use a Highlighter on this page

January 3, 2011

Do you take care of the nails of the animals?

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:23 am

catActive animals don’t usually suffer damages in the nails, that because the friction spends the nails. 
 
The ones that are too long break usually or they come unfastened in the skin when they coil in bed linens, curtains or rugs. 
 
Several nerves and blood vessels exist in the fingers, what does with that the damages in the nails are painful and usually bleed a lot, but it is rarely serious thing and a ready simple service solves. 
 
A nail departure is painful, for that you will need somebody to hold the animal, while you make a ready service. 
 
To remove the damaged nail, use a cutter of nails for animals. 
 
If the intact portion of the nail be not opened, you can just cut the hung part. 
 
If there is an indented extremity or forked bleeding, it is necessary that the nail is cut above the damaged part, the one that can mean cut almost close to the finger. 
 
Dip the cutter firstly in the alcohol, later dry it well. 
 
Hold the paw of the animal with firmness, position the cutter soon above the damage and cut quickly with a gesture. 
 
Be prepared for a yelp, move back from the animal and more blood. If the bleeding doesn’t stop within 30 minutes it is necessary to cauterize the place. 
 
When cutting the nail, if it bleeds, use a hemostat powder. Use a sponge to apply the powder, maintain that procedure until that the bleeding stops. 
 
Damaged nails are infected easily because the bacteria of the soil enter for the fissures to the bed of the nail. Therefore make weekly inspections in the nails of the animals. 
 
Vet Therapy – Dr. Cynara Campanati  

Click on pen to Use a Highlighter on this page

Powered by WordPress

2 visitors online now
0 guests, 2 bots, 0 members
Max visitors today: 4 at 02:14 pm BRT
This month: 6 at 04-12-2017 06:11 pm BRT
This year: 8 at 02-15-2017 12:19 pm BRST
All time: 94 at 06-23-2011 12:53 am BRT