March 31, 2010

Pain and therapy with acupuncture

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The placement of needles in specific acupuncture points can relieve the pain through different mechanisms. First, the acupuncture can reduce muscle spasms hen applied in trigger-points. The lack of spasms increases the comfort considerably.  
The acupuncture can also induce the liberation of a variety neurotransmitters that can affect the processing of the painful pulse. That effect can be intensified being used specific types of electric stimulation. The appropriate placement of the needles and the electric stimulation of low frequency (2 to 6 Hz) they induce the central liberation of endorfinas that can induce the analgesia by the inhibition of the transmission of pulses noxious of his origin for the brain and of the increase of the descending inhibition of turn to the periphery. That stimulation type usually produces analgesia in 10 to 20 minutes and it is considered cumulative, meaning that the subsequent treatments produce analgesia well and better. 
The electric stimulation of high frequency (100 to 200 Hz) it induces the  adrenaline and noradrenaline liberation, also promoting cumulative analgesia. 
Vet Therapy 

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March 30, 2010

Trigger points´ treatment

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

In the veterinary, the trigger points, were described mainly in horses and dogs. It seems that the incidence is larger in senior animals and youths used for sport. 
The clinical signs are: 
1 - Chronicle lameness treated without success with anti-inflammatories. 
2 – Great nodules or knots in the musculature to the palpation, usually aching. 
3 – Palpation unchaining pain, muscular contraction, retraction of the member and, possibly, patterns of aggressive behavior. 
When located in the surface of the body, the trigger point can be felt easily as nodular structures hardened inside of the muscle and they are excessively irritable to the palpation. 
The stimulation of the trigger point abolishes it. If many of those points exist, all should be treated and abolished. The stimulation can be through deep massage, electric stimulation, laser, ultrassound and insert of dry needles or with medicine. 
Vet Therapy

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March 29, 2010

Trauma in the column in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The traumatic lesions of the spinal cord can result of traumatism, car accidents, falls or other lesions. Hemorrhage, fractures, dislocations, subluxations and bruises are sequels of those lesions; some request surgical and other intervention, conservative treatment, for instance, medicamentous therapy, external splints, physiotherapy and acupuncture. 
Lesions sufficiently serious of the spinal cord to cause weakness, they can get better with acupuncture, since the deep answer or conscious of pain flow to the lesion stays complete. 
When it is made a comparison with the cases of disturbances associated to the pain, many extra treatments are necessary before obtaining an answer. 
To the similarity of what happens with the lesion of outlying nerve, unless the deficits are static cronicamente, it can be difficult to decide the improvement degree that the acupuncture will provide to the neurological function. 
Vet Therapy

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March 26, 2010

The mourning of the animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Mourning is the state of sadness due to the death or departure of somebody else. The proprietors occasionally tell solid signs with mourning or, with more frequency, they express concern regarding the handout in mourning on the part of the animals that are. Inherent to the definition in mourning it is the confirmation of the emotional state of the dog or of the cat. 
A true process of sadness, similar to the human emotional process, it can happen in cats and dogs. The animal can be reacting or answering to changes of the human behavior associated with the process in mourning. 
A companion’s animal or human loss can generate instability or changes in the social structure. That instability can come as behavior changes in the surviving animals. 
The animals can develop behaviors of search of attention or related the anxiety with base in the owner’s reactions. 
A variety of clinical signs in the animal can be told by the proprietor, as: social retraction, increase of sleep period, agitation, search behavior, appetite loss, increase of the irritability or aggression, fear, anxiety, vocalization, destruction. 
In most of the cases, the clinical signs are solved in the course of time. That can be due to a great number of reasons, including estrangement of the event, reduction of the active process of the mourning, establishment of new routines and stabilization in the social structure of the home. 
Vet Therapy

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March 25, 2010

Destructive behavior of the cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Young and adult cats can be very exuberant and playful. However, frequently, game and exploration result in damages or undesired consequences. The complaints more mentioned include to climb curtains and furniture, to destroy objects when arising in shelves and tables and undisciplined game behaviors. 
The problems of the which the proprietors complain are, most of the time, it leaves of the normal games of the repertoire of the cats, but disturbing behaviors for the proprietors. 
In general the complaints are relative to kittens and young cats, with less than two years of age. 
If the cat is destructive when left alone home, a place of safe confinement can be more appropriate, just as a room with food, water, litter tray, several towers to climb and toys. 
The main focus is to provide escape valves adapted for games and explorations, at the same time in that if they turn other unavailable places or no attractions. 
Vet Therapy

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March 24, 2010

Dogs Should Not Eat Cat Food and Vice Versa

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

If you have a cat and a dog indoors, then you have probably caught them stealing each other’s food once in a while. For both animals, a little snack from the other’s food bowl is not a big deal. However, a cat that only eats dog food or a dog that really enjoys cat food can lead to health and feeding problems. So, before you overlook your pooch eating from the cat’s bowl, there are a few things to consider. If the habit has already started, then you need to work on ways to stop it.

It is important that you realize that cats and dogs have certain (i.e. different) nutritional requirements. If that was not the case, then you could probably find general “pet” food at grocery stores and pet stores. Cats require taurine in their diet, but they cannot produce taurine on their own. A lack of taurine can cause severe eye problems for cats, eventually leading to blindness. Tooth decay and hair loss are also side effects of insufficient taurine. In the wild, a cat will acquire taurine by eating another animal. Cat food (dry and wet) approved by the Association of American Feed Control must contain taurine. Dogs, on the other hand, can make taurine on their own; they do not need additional taurine in their diets. So, most dog food does not contain taurine. If you feed a cat strictly dog food, then irreversible health problems can and will arise.

Cats also require more protein in their diets than dogs require, and their food often has higher caloric and fat content. For a dog that eats cat food, he is consuming more calories than he should. Yes, the food may be tasty, but it can cause weight issues. Many dogs also experience digestive problems from eating cat food; although, they are usually not serious problems.

Aside from the nutritional differences between the two, you need to watch out for your pet to become a picky eater. If the dog gets to eat tasty cat food, then he may refuse to eat his own food. It is okay to let a dog or cat steal a snack from the other on occasion, but a dog should not be fed a cat diet and vice versa.

If your pets have already developed a food sharing habit, then you need to stop the habit as soon as possible. Perhaps your cat likes the dog food, because you feed him wet food. Try to give your kitty wet food every once in awhile, and see if she likes it. If you feed your dog dry food, then find a bag of food that contains larger chunks. It will be easy for your dog to break up the chunks, but a cat will have a hard time doing so. Now, if your pooch is stealing cat food, you’ll need to place the food out of the reach of the dog. It’s easy for your cat to reach food that is out of the dog’s grasp. If your dog only likes the wet cat food, then try giving him wet dog food. You can even buy packs of gravy (for cats and dogs) that can be poured over their normal dry food.

If you can’t keep the two away from each other’s food, then you are going to have to restructure your feeding schedule. The easiest thing to do is to feed both animals at the same time. You may even want to feed them in different areas of your home, keeping them away from each other while they eat. Once the pets have had their fill of food, then remove the food until the next meal. If you leave your pets’ food out all day, then you will have to come up with a way to keep the food out of the other’s reach. To keep the dog away, you can use a pet gate or set the food up high. To keep a cat away, you may have to find a deterrent to place around the food. Remember, there are many materials that cats can’t stand to walk across!

Interchanging your pets’ food as a snack is okay here and there. However, nutritional requirements of cats and dogs are different. Cats should never be on a dog food diet, and dogs should not eat loads of cat food. If the habit has already started, then you need to work on ways to stop it.

Brigitte Smith

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March 23, 2010

The noise phobia

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The noise phobia is a fear deep, persistent and excessive of noises. An answer can vary from a catatonic state to a maniac state. The predominant characteristic is that the reaction is excessive to the end and considered abnormal to the context. 
Physiologic alterations as hypervigilance, avoid behaviors, possible aggression, palpitation, salivation, diarrhea, vomit, increase of the motive activity, tremors, weight loss in the course of time, extensive pupils, excessive loss of for the… they can happen. 
It can attack dogs and cats of any age, sex or race. 
A management of the behavior should be made so that the animal gets used to the sounds, mainly those that him more he is afraid. 
Vet Therapy

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March 22, 2010

Members incoordination

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The ataxia is a sign of sensitive dysfunction that it produces members incoordination, head and/or trunk. 
They are three clinical types: sensitive, vestibular and cerebellar. All produce alterations in the coordination of members, but the vestibular ataxias and cerebellar also produce alterations in the head’s movements and of the neck. 
The clinical signs appear in agreement with the location of the problem. 
1 – when only a member be involved – it considers a lameness problem, 
2 – only the affected pelvic members – probably a disturbance in the spinal cord, 
3 – all or just the members on the same side affected – cerebellar, 
4 – inclination of the head – vestibular. 
The causes can be neurological (degenerative, anomalies, neoplastic, inflammatory, poisonous, infectious, traumatic), metabolic (anemia), several (drugs, breathing and heart compromising). 
The treatment depends on the cause. The acupuncture and the physiotherapy help in the recovery of the animal. 
Vet Therapy   

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March 19, 2010

Stifle luxation

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

It is the displacement medial or lateral of the stifle of his normal anatomical position. 
It can be moderate to serious and it presents different degrees of clinical and pathological alterations, classified in degrees I-IV. 
It is one of the most common abnormalities of the articulation of the knee in dogs. It is uncommon in cats, but it can be more common than is suspected because most of the affected cats doesn’t limp. 
The clinical signs can grow soon after the birth, it usually happens after the 4 months of age. The females are 1,5 times more attacked than the males. 
The causes are congenital and/or traumatic. 
In the serious cases (degrees II, III, IV) the surgery is indicated. And in all of the cases the acupuncture and the physiotherapy help in the recovery of the animal. 
Vet Therapy

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March 18, 2010

Spine problems in animals

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The disease of thoracolumbar disk and cervical it is observed commonly in practice clinic of small animals. 
The most affected races are Dachshund, Pekinese, jack russel terrier, cocker spaniel, beagle, poodle miniature, French bulldog. There is no predilection for sex and the medium age is from 5 to 6 years. 
The clinical signs of disease of the disk toracolombar are: Degree I (pain in the back area), Degree II (pain, paresis and ataxia of subsequent member), Degree III (paralysis flow and they are unable to get up and to tolerate the weight with the subsequent members, some animals don’t have control of the bladder and of the defecation), Degree IV (paralysis without perception conscious of pain in the fingers of the subsequent members). 
The treatment can be accomplished with acupuncture and physiotherapy for diminish of the pain, muscular invigoration, muscular rigidity, incentive of the nervous fibers… Some cases can need surgery. 
Vet Therapy

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