vettherapy

February 26, 2010

Aggressive pet

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Aggressive pet can to injury your owner for means of bites and/or scratches. In cases of anxiety or of compulsive obsessive upset, the animal can inflict wounds to himself.

When the animal wraps up in the undesirable behavior, usually compensation/reinforce exists for him.

Don´t resist the undesirable behavior with aggression or punishment. Punitive reactions tend to worsen the problem.

Don´t resist the undesirable behavior comforting the animal, although it seeks to reduce the anxiety. The action of comforting, of the perspective of the dog, is similar to a praise.

Vet Therapy

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February 25, 2010

Dogs understand gestures as well as toddlers

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

New study finds pooches get our points better than chimpanzees

Dogs possess a 2-year-old child’s capacity to understand human pointing gestures, with dogs requiring next to zero learning time to figure out the visual communication, according to two recent studies.

The comparison with kids doesn’t end there. Due to domestication, dogs appear to be predisposed to read other human visual signals, including head-turning and gazing.

Pet owners often use baby talk, scientifically known as “motherese,” with both children and dogs, allowing canines and kids to receive similar social stimulation.

Since chimpanzees and other non-human primates often flunk pointing gesture tests, the studies suggest dogs may understand humans better than even our closest living animal relatives do.

“The human pointing gesture is cooperative in its nature,” Gabriella Lakatos told Discovery News. Lakatos, a researcher in the Department of Ethology at Eotvos University, led the first study, published in the current issue of Animal Cognition.

She explained that other recent studies suggest chimpanzees “might have difficulties with comprehending situations based on cooperation,” mentioning “the observation that chimpanzees do not actively share food.” Dogs, on the other hand, often eagerly cooperate.

For her study on dogs and kids, Lakatos and her colleagues used a combination of finger-, elbow-, leg- and knee-pointing gestures to help dogs locate hidden food and, for children, a favorite toy.

Two-year-olds and dogs understood everything except knee-pointing and when the experimenter’s index finger pointed in a different direction than the protruding arm. For example, they were confused when the individual raised an arm in a certain direction, but used her finger to point the other way.

Human 3-year-olds, on the other hand, aced all of the tests.

Lakatos said that “in human children between the age of two and three years, important changes take place that go beyond the capacities of dogs.” Many of these changes have to do with development of language skills.

“The ability to generalize in children makes the precision of gesturing by the adult less important,” she added. “Children may have a more complex ability to realize the intention behind the pointing gesture.”

When gesturing to a dog or child under 3, it’s therefore best not to fidget or otherwise move in confusing ways.

“Our results show that dogs can understand the pointing gesture if a body part protrudes from the body silhouette,” Lakatos said.

msnbc

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February 24, 2010

Immobilization effects

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The tissues most affected by immobilization are catilage, muscle, ligament, tendon and bone.

Disuse of cartilage may result in atrophic or degenerative changes.

The age of the dog, as well as the form of immobilization used, may affect results.

The elimination of motion by rigid fixation induces even more pronounced atrophic changes to articular cartilage.

Vigorous exercise after a period of immobilization may have deleterious effects on cartilage.

Vet Therapy

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February 23, 2010

Thiamin deficiency in felines

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The thiamin deficiency (vitamin B1) can show in cats fed with diet of fish meat that contains thiaminase of natural occurrence. She can also happen in cats after anorexia period due to the illness. However it is observed with more frequency in cats fed with processed food (commercial) in that the thiamin was destroyed by excessive cooking or for the conservants addition (for instance, dioxide of sulfur). 

The thiamin deficiency results in metabolism of abnormal glucose in the brain, encephalopaty and hemorrhage of the superior nuclei of the brain stem. In cats, the signs are variable and, in an important way, cats fed with deficient commercial rations in thiamin present, almost always, excellent corporal condition. 

The clinical signs include ataxia and depression initially. Ventroflexão of the head when suspended above the soil, dilation pupilar and reflex pupilar to the absent light, insanity and convulsive attacks constitute subsequent signs. The convulsive attacks can be stimulated by manipulation. 

The diagnosis bases on report and clinical signs sustained additionally by the redemption of the signs being after the thiamin administration. 

The treatment with thiamin is continued by 5 days or until that there is complete redemption of the signs. The diet should be altered for a commercial mark that contains enough thiamin. 

Vet Therapy

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February 22, 2010

Physical rehabilitation in animals

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

The aim of physical rehabilitation is to reestablish normal function using modilaties such as heat and electrical stimulation, mobilization, and therapeutic exercise. It is the use of noninvasive techniques, for the rehabilitation of injuries in animals.

Superficial heating agents penetrate to a depth of approximately 1 cm. Deep heating agents can elevate tissue temperatures at depth of 3 cm or more.

Therapeutic ultrasound is considered an effective treatment modality for rehabilitating musculoskeletal conditions such as restricted range of motion. Advantages of therapeutic ultrasound are: produces local heating of deeper tissues and treatment time is short.

Massage therapy is a technique in which the therapist uses only his or her hands and body to massage soft tissues.

Vet Therapy

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February 21, 2010

How to take care of the lesions of the Olympic Games of Vancouver 2010

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , — Cynara @ 9:01 am

We have been accompanying the competitions of the Winter Olympics of Vancouver and we can see the amount of falls that the athletes suffer during the competitions. 

And the question: How to recover to continue in the dispute of the gold? 

The physiotherapy and the alternative therapies, as the acupuncture gives the answer. 

The physiotherapy offers countless treatments that reduce the inflammatory effect and the pain, doing with that the tissues recover more quickly. The ice, Ultrassound, the TENS, the NMES, the Laser… they do with that the tissue has an accelerated regeneration and they impede that the effects of the inflammation, as toxins, accumulate in the tissues, leaving them swollen, aching and with hamatoma. 

The acupuncture works in the balance of the energies of the body, also tends an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. With the body in balance and without pain he becomes stronger and resistant, which consequently, it increases the sporting acting. 

Those techniques can be used also as preventive treatment, doing with that the physical wear and tear is smaller, mainly for the athletes that participate in several modalities. 

Cynara Campanati

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February 19, 2010

Massage for animals II

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

If a dog has had surgery, massage may help to maintain mobility.

If the dogs must be confined for a period of rest, or is on restricted exercises, massage helps to maintain tone and muscle condition.

After resolution of the surgical condition, massage is indicated to maintain flexibility of all joints and soft tissues, and to prevent further loss of function.

The various purposes of massage include relaxation, toning, precompetition warmup, intercompetition treatment, aiding muscle soreness 1 to 3 after competition.

Massage may be perfomed to isolated areas or to the entire limb and body. It may be used in conjunction with other therapies.

Vet Therapy

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February 18, 2010

The Science of Canine Emotions

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Are you convinced your dog laughs? Or maybe you think he feels ashamed when you discover that he’s peed on the carpet? Find out if you’re right – or just humanizing your dog! Learn the science behind your dog’s feelings.

Laughter

Have you ever heard your dog’s panting during play and thought it sounded like a chuckle? Turns out, you might be right! Researcher Patricia Simonet from Sierra Nevada College discovered that certain breathy, excited exhalations could be the canine version of laughter. Her team brought a parabolic microphone to a park and, from a distance, recorded the sounds that dogs made while playing. They discovered a special exhalation that was different from normal panting. Later, the team played the sound for other dogs who started to play after hearing the “laugh.” They also discovered that it helped to calm shelter dogs who were under stress.

Shame

When you come home and find out your dog got into the trash again, you may find comfort in the fact that your dog “knows he is wrong” because he hides from you in shame. Unfortunately, canines don’t make these kinds of rational connections. Instead, your dog is picking up on the change in your chemistry and body language and reacting to that. He knows you’re upset, but he doesn’t know why.

Jealousy

A researcher at the University of Vienna in Austria named Friederike Range discovered that dogs do have a sense of “fair play.” Her team began with a group of dogs who already knew the command to “shake” and would give their paw whether they received a treat or not. However, if they saw that another dog received a piece of food for the behavior while they did not, they stopped! Dogs are not the only ones who are insulted when they aren’t treated fairly. A similar experiment found that monkeys also become jealous if their peers were rewarded and they weren’t. It is likely these behaviors resulted because both animals live in cooperative societies.

Grief

Dogs don’t grieve in the same way that humans do, but they do experience sadness when a pack member passes away. If your family experiences a loss, your dog may react by displaying signs of distress: loss of appetite, fear, depression, sleeping too much or too little, and anxiety. In 1996, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals conducted a Companion Animal Mourning Project which found that 66% of dogs exhibited four or more behavioral changes after losing a pet companion. Give your pet time to cope with the loss. The study found that most dogs returned to normal after two weeks but some took as long as six months. You can help by maintaining their routine and going through your own grief. Your dog will have trouble moving on if you are unable to. If you are afraid these symptoms may be the result of illness, take your dog to the vet to make sure.

Joy

Anyone who has watched a dog play knows that our canine companions experience joy! The famous naturalist Charles Darwin noted that “under the expectation of any great pleasure, dogs bound and jump about in an extravagant manner, and bark for joy.” Play helps animals to build social bonds, build trust, and learn to cooperate which can better their chances of survival. It also hones cognitive skills and helps in hunting and mating.

Cesar Millan

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February 17, 2010

Massage for animals I

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

Massage is generally enjoyed by samll animal patients and helps to releive distress, anxiety and discomfort.

It is believed that massage may help to prevent subsequent post exercise pain.

Regular massages may make the muscles, softer and more pliabe, and the stretching manipulations may increase extensibility and strength in the connective tissues.

Proper massage applied to competitive dogs may help to establish or reestablish full tissue function.

Massage may be employed during the training period for treatment and rehabilitation, and to enhance athletic performance.

Massage can be used to stretch and free this inelastic scar tissue and return tissue mobility to normal.

Vet Therapy

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February 16, 2010

Deafness in dogs

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 8:00 am

A dog can be born deaf (it causes genetics) or it can lose the audition with the age or due to diseases. 

If you notice that your dog, wants is just a puppy or an adult integrated perfectly in the family, he doesn’t answer when they call him; or he just answers when it is turned in front of you, he sleeps more than the habitual, he doesn’t wake up except when played, he sees himself in the wrong direction when they call him, it fans the head or it scratches the ears a lot of times, it can be before signs of deafness. 

It is known that more than 30 canine races are predisposed the congenital deafness, they are them: akita, american staffordshire terrier, australian heeler, beagle, border collie, Boston terrier, boxer, English bulldog, Bull terrier, ibiza dog, Cocker American spaniel, collie, dog catahoula leopard, sprinkled dachshund, Dalmatian, doberman, Argentinean dogo, German dogue, Norwegian dunkerhound, foxhound, American foxhound, fox terrier, great pirineu. 

The dogs with hearing problems can be trained through signs, they can learn up to 50 signs. The dog will learn how quickly to seek signs in their hands and facial expressions. The communication gestual has been giving great results. 

Important: don’t leave your dog free in the street, because he cannot hear when a car approaches and to get injured. 

Tips to work with a deaf dog:  
 
1 - you learn communicating with his dog 
2 – you make him always to know that is for close 
3 – it is always gentile 
4 – you train him with many rewards and encouragement 
5 – it allows him to approach strangers smelling their hands first 
6 – to ban the external spaces where the dog lives is essential for his safety 
7 – it establishes a regular and continuous training 
8 – you love him and accept him with their special needs 
9 – you arrest him inside of house for the initial adjustment, basic education, relationship and safety of him 
10 – in the walks, maintain him always in the guide and close to you, he gives safety the both. 
11 – it puts a label in the collar with the name and their contacts and the mention of “DEAF.” 

Vet Therapy

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