January 29, 2010

Immobile patients care

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , — Cynara @ 11:17 am

The position influences the distribution of blood flow to the lungs, changing body positions alters ventilation/perfusion relationships within the lungs.

Alternating right, sternal and left lateral recumbency every 4 hours is recommended for immobile patients.

Altered respiratory patterns in conjunction with immobility may lead to atelectasis, accumulation of respiratory secretions and pneumonia.

Coughing is the most important defense mechanism to eliminate retained secretions.

Vet Therapy

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January 28, 2010

Indoor activities for dogs

Filed under: Dogs care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 9:54 am

In an ideal world, I know that we would all walk our dogs twice a day, for 30 minutes to an hour each time. Unfortunately, the world we live in is not always ideal; in fact, it’s sometimes downright inconvenient! When harsh weather hits, or circumstances make it difficult or impossible to venture outside for physical exercise, don’t despair! There are activities that you can enjoy with your dog right in the comfort of your own home.

Treadmill – The treadmill is a fantastic and very convenient way for your dog to get the exercise from the all-important walk without leaving home. Although not a full-time replacement for the walk, the treadmill can be used to supplement daily exercise, or, in the case of bad weather, substitute it for a short period. Remember to take it slow and allow your dog to get accustomed to the treadmill before leaping right into a running regimen. Once your dog has the hang of it, don’t be surprised if you enter the room one morning to find him sitting expectantly, waiting to be allowed to play with it!

Practice Calm Submission with Basic Commands – Your dog’s physical needs aren’t the only aspect of him that requires fulfilling. He has psychological needs, too! One activity that doesn’t demand a lot of room to move is the practice of basic training commands. Giving your dog a psychological challenge that forces him to focus and keeps his attention can be a very effective way to drain his energy and strengthen the bond that you share. Remember to keep a bag of his favorite treats on hand as a reward for calm submission… when he responds to a command with the correct behavior, that’s the right time to give affection!

Toys and Games – There is a wide range of toys and games for dogs that have been carefully engineered specifically to engage and improve cognitive functions. Most of these toys involve an incentive like a treat or a provocative scent to keep the dog interested and to reward him for playing. Check with your local pet retail stores and online for the kinds of toys you can use to make keeping your dog psychologically fulfilled into a game!

Use the Stairs – A stairway is a great place to give your dog a physical challenge. You can begin by having one person at the top of the stairs and one at the bottom. Each of you can call him and reward him for making the trip. Eventually, train him to go up and down the stairs to get his reward. Make sure it is clear when the activity begins and ends. You don’t want your dog to associate the stairway with excitement or it can lead to accidents down the road. If you need help, contact a local professional.

Hide and Seek – You can play this with family members or treats. Ask your dog to use his nose to find the hidden items or people, and reward him. This can be a fun way to get bored kids involved. Again, be clear when the activity begins and ends. When you decide the game is over, it’s over!

Doga – It may sound silly, but this combination of dog training and yoga can be a lot of fun! Yoga and other meditation exercises help you to maintain balance, so what better activity to share with our canine companions? Find out if there are clubs offering Doga in your area.

Grooming – As simple as it sounds, a bath or a brushing session is a wonderful activity for a day spent inside. Any kind of grooming, done with care and love, is a kind of affection, and sharing that affection can bring you two closer together. Be sure to satisfy exercise and discipline as much as possible beforehand, though!

Cesar Millan

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January 27, 2010

Physiotherapy techniques

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 10:17 am

Cryotherapy reduces inflammation, swelling and pain.

Superficial or deep heating improves circulation, reduces muscle spasm, provides pain relief.

Massage increases circulation to paralyzed musculature, reduces/breaks down adhesions, provides pain relief, reduces edema.

Vet Therapy

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January 26, 2010

Do you know what is a Feral Cat?

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , — Cynara @ 10:14 am

Feral cats are descended from domestic cats but are born and live without human contact. Any environment that sustains people can sustain feral cats, who are known to have thrived in urban, suburban, and rural areas in all parts of the civilized world. They are not to be confused with wild cats or stray cats (alley cats). Wild cats are descendants of wild species. Stray cats are homeless descendants of domestic cats, but unlike feral cats, have had prior contact with humans and therefore exhibit temperament similar to that of a domestic cat.

Feral cats may live alone but are usually found in large groups called feral colonies. Theses colonies tend to meet two essential criteria: a good hiding place (often a small wooded area, or abandoned buildings or cars) and a food source. This is why they are often seen near restaurant dumpsters. The average life span of a feral cat that survives beyond kittenhood is about two years for individual cats and five years for cats in a managed colony. An indoor domestic housecat lives an average of 12 to 18 years,  though not uncommonly, indoor-only cats have been known to live to their early 20´s.

Cats are extremely adaptable, and feral felines have been found in conditions of extreme cold and heat.

The environmental impact of feral and free-ranging cats is a subject of debate. Part of this stems from humane concern for the cats, and part stems from concerns about cat predation on endangered species. The domestic cat was distributed throughout the world by human travelers and is not native to many parts of the world. The amount of ecological damage done by cats depends on local conditions, with the most severe effect occurring to island ecologics. Environmental concerns may be minimal in places such as the UK where are an established species and few to none os the local prey species are endangered. In Australia, New Zealand and parts of North America they are considered pests due to their treat to endangered species.


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January 25, 2010

Muscle contracture in animals

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 9:47 am

Muscle contracture is shortening of the muscle due to either intrinsic or extrinsic causes.

Increased muscle tone reduces the resting length of the spastic muscle and results in abnormal joint positioning and joint contracture is defined in an inability to move a joint through its full range of motion.

The treatment can be done with physiotherapy and acupuncture.

Vet Therapy

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January 22, 2010

Low-impact exercises for dogs

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 1:22 pm

As osteoarthritis progresses, a vicious cycle of pain, reduced activity level, joint stiffness and loss of strength occurs.

The animal should not be forced to exercise during times of exacerbation of the arthritic condition because inflammation may increase.

Controlled leash walking on a treadmill, swimming and going up and down stairs or ramp incline are excellent low-impact exercises.

Vet Therapy

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January 21, 2010

Behavior of scratching of the cats

Filed under: Cats care — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 12:41 pm

They are usually two the behaviors of scratching of the cats: driven to the pieces of furniture of the house and the people. 
To scratch a substratum, so much vertical as horizontal, it is a normal behavior of feline demarcation. It can be part of a natural behavior of care with the body to sharpen the claws and/or to remove material free or dead of nails. It can also happen as attempt of leaving marks as much looks as of odor. 
The cat can choose as objectives items of the house if an appropriate demarcation post is not available or if it is at a place that he considers inadequate. 
How to avoid that the cat scratches the pieces of furniture: 
1 – to maintain the cat out of the areas where the scratch happens; 
2 – to cover the pieces of furniture with a quilt, for instance, that it supplies little or any support point to fix the claws; 
3 – to offer places and alternative materials so that he can scratch (brushes that are mounted in the wall, food dispensers that work for scratch, etc); 
4 – it turns the unacceptable places no attractive (to put ribbon adhesive two sides in the places that he scratch, some cats can answer to apparels that emit sounds, avoiding the area). 
The location is important. The items should be put at a place where the cat will probably use them. Most of the time that means close to the area where he sleeps. The height of the post should also be observed, the cat should be capable to stretch out. The post should be robust and not to fall when used. 
Physical reprimands should be avoided, since they won’t solve the problem and it can generate aggression. 
Vet Therapy

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January 20, 2010

The process of aging in animals

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , — Cynara @ 11:05 am

The normal process of aging in animals includes changes in muscle tone, hair and skin changes, cognitive function changes, vision and hearing loss.

Several conditions affecting the nervous system also affect aging dogs. Disk disease, degenerative conditions and neoplasia may occur in older dogs.

The most common problem of the musculoskeletal system in aged dogs is osteoarthritis.

Vet Therapy

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January 19, 2010

How to present the animals to a baby

Filed under: Animal news — Tags: , , — Cynara @ 3:23 pm

Advance the changes in the home and in your routine that can happen when the baby arrives. Try to implement those changes with plenty antecedence in relation to the arrival in fact of the baby. That can mean less time to pass with the animals, to segregate him of certain areas in the house, to teach him to not to arise in the furniture, to wake up at night, etc. 
Practice training exercises for peacefulness with the animal before the baby’s arrival. 
Before the birth, obtain a recording of baby’s cry.  Reproduce in low volume for 5 to 10 minutes several times a day. During the sessions, do with that the dog accomplishes basic commands of obedience and reward the behavior good, obedient and calm. 
Do with that the animal gets used to odors of products for babies. 
Do with that the animal becomes used to be pulled by the ears, tail, in the beginning making that in a gentile a lot of way and rewarding the good behavior. 
Don’t allow to the animals enter in the cradle or they sleep in areas where the baby will be sleeping. 
After the baby is born, it swallows home some clothes that he used at the hospital, for the animals to smell. 
When you bring the baby home, do with that other person holds him, so that you can greet the animals. 
Introduce the animals, one of every time, her new baby. The animal should be controlled during the presentation. The any sign of aggressive behavior or no aggressive unacceptable, the interaction should be interrupted. The aggressive behavior should result in the immediate isolation of the animal and the unacceptable should result in the redirecionamento of the animal to do another activity, how to sit down. The good behavior is rewarded. 
Give attention to the animal when the baby is active, present. When the baby is sleeping gives less attention to the animal. He will associate the presence of the baby to something good. 
Vet Therapy

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January 18, 2010

Older animals

Filed under: You knew that... — Tags: , , , , , , , — Cynara @ 1:26 pm

Multiple disease processes in older animals, can cause nonspecific signs, include weakness, lethargy and exercise intolerance.

Muscles and bones tend to atrophy with aging, with resultant loss of muscle and bone mass.

Muscle function is diminished as a result of increasing fibrosis, muscle fiber atrophy and reduced oxygen transport to muscles.

Vet Therapy

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